Defeating Patriarchal Politics: The Snake Woman as Goddess: A Study of the Manasa Mangal Kavya of Bengal Saumitra Chakravarty. However Mangal Kavya is a kind of religious and didactic composition there is much popularity of Manasamangal, the poetry describing the. I was inspired to write this story after having read the poem titled Manasa Mangal by Bijoya Ghosh in this Mangalkavya, the glory of Devi Manasa has.

Author: Tekora Kajigor
Country: Brunei Darussalam
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Science
Published (Last): 2 February 2018
Pages: 420
PDF File Size: 6.33 Mb
ePub File Size: 18.49 Mb
ISBN: 360-8-51164-351-4
Downloads: 79350
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Kami

In Prakrit, words such as Damela, Dameda, Dhamila and Damila evolved from Tamila could have used to denote an ethnic identity. Manasa launched a storm, and mnasa Chand initially survived with support from Durga,she was later asked to withdraw by Shiva on a request from Manasa. Since the worship of all these female deities arises from the need for a solution to a particular mangzl in village life associated with each deity, worship and recitation are seasonal.

A Study into Bengali Mangal Kavya: Poetry Written for the Welfare of Beings – Kousik Adhikari

Internet URLs are the best. Poetry Written for the Welfare of A woman should be chaste, religious and manwsa to her husband. Originally a Adivasi goddess, Manasa was accepted in the pantheon worshipped by Hindu lower caste groups, later, she was included in higher caste Hindu pantheon, where she is now regarded as a Hindu goddess rather than a tribal one.

Manasa is also known as Bisahari, Janguli and Padmavati.

Obviously it tries to designate a cure from small pox or high fever that is associated with rising temperature. Bijay Gupta’s Manasamangal or Padmapuran is perhaps the most popular of these versions because of its rich literary qualities. The doctors are said ‘Baidya’ in local language. Jagatkaru marries Manasa and have a son Astika who gives salvations to their ancestors hanging from the trees. Unlike most Scriptural texts in Hinduism, this is part of a rich oral tradition preserved largely within the sanctity of the home by rural women.

The simple faith that underlies this chanting may be seen in a typical advisory for the village folk in all these narratives—whoever chants this narrative will get long life, freedom from poverty, the childless will be blessed with a son, the spinster with a husband. Dravidians are native speakers of any of the Dravidian languages. As this group of poetry generally depicts the common man, it easily assimilate in their fold accurate description of the period and becomes in a sense a virtual storehouse of social history, depicting rituals, art of cooking, superstitions, customs and costumes etc.

Tulsidas himself has only a few facts and hints about events of his life in various works. All that the latter did was to protect the raft from sinking. Nabhadas was a contemporary of Tulsidas and wrote a six-line stanza on Tulsidas describing him as an incarnation of Valmiki, Priyadas work was composed around a hundred years after the death of Tulsidas and had eleven additional stanzas, describing seven miracles or spiritual experiences from the life of Tulsidas.


Kavyx Manasa Mangalcomposed in the late-fifteenth manas belongs to this Mangal Kavya tradition—a literary genre particular to Bengal between the fifteenth and nineteenth centuries.

Shiva took Manasa to his home where his wife,Chandi,suspected Manasa of being Shiva’s concubine or co-wife, and insulted Manasa and burnt one of her eyes, leaving Manasa half-blind. The imposition of foreign rule and the religious exploitation of the local Hindu population by the invaders and their agents as shown in the textled to the propagation of the Mangal Kavyas kvaya a plea for divine intervention by the common people through the chanting of these texts and the performance of non-Vedic ritualism to appease the goddesses who appear as various manifestations of an Abhaya Shakti one who dispels fear and poverty among her votaries.

The poetry of Vidyapati, the great Maithili poet, though not written in Bengali and he flourished in the modern-day Darbhanga district of Bihar, India in the 14th century. Kagya you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. Meenakshi Amman temple, dedicated to Goddess Meenakshi, tutelary deity of Madurai city.

The story of Manasamangal begins with the conflict of the merchant Chandradhar or Chand Sadagar with Manasa and ends with Chandradhar becoming an ardent devotee of Manasa.

It is considered as the second oldest work of Bengali literature after Charyapada, the 15th century is marked by the emergence of Vaishnava lyrical poetry or the padavali in Bengal. Myths glorified her by describing that she saved Shiva after he drank poison and her popularity grew and spread to Southern India, and her cult began to rival Shaivism itself.

Manasamangal Kāvya – WikiVisually

Candimangal poetry written in praise of goddess Candi3. A goddess is stated to be the energy and creative power of each and he is one of the five equivalent deities in Panchayatana puja of the Smarta tradition of Hinduism.

After a period of anarchy, Gopala came to power inatisha was a renowned Bengali Buddhist teacher who was instrumental in revival of Buddhism in Tibet and also held manada position of Abbot at the Vikramshila university. Chandraketu tried manga, best to bring him round to the goddess Manasa but Chand steadfastly refused.

Bijay Gupta’s Manasamangal or Padmapuran is perhaps the most popular of these versions because of its rich literary qualities.

Behula, who becomes a virgin widow on her wedding night by Manasa’s machinations, steps beyond the prescribed periphery of womanhood by refusing to ascend her husband’s funeral pyre for sati.

Worship is normally centred on the manawa folk, without priestly intervention and with simple, non Vedic majasa and low-cost accessories of ritual observance. These rules were amended by Rabindranath Tagore and other scholars.


This goddess-based tradition is therefore typically a folk one, displaying the last vestiges of pre-Aryan rituals, and even today practised among rural Bengali women.

But, far from worshipping her, Chand refuses to even recognize her as a deity. Glistening Metal — K.

Behula succeeds in bringing Chand’s seven sons back to life and rescuing their ships. Along with Hinduism, nirguni Mnagal is found in Sikhism, the Sanskrit word bhakti is derived from the root bhaj, which means divide, share, partake, participate, to belong to. The conflict between human beings and the goddess brings out the social discriminations of society, as well as the conflict between Aryans and non-Aryans.

In Amaravati in present-day Andhra Pradesh there is an inscription referring to a Dhamila-vaniya datable to the 3rd century CE, another inscription of about the same time in Nagarjunakonda seems to refer to a Damila. Both the children grew up together and were a perfect kanasa, but when their horoscopes were tallied, it was predicted that Lakshmindara would die of snake-bite manaaa the wedding night. The popular Manasa-Mangalfor example, tells how the Bengali snake goddess Manasa conquered the worshippers of other deities by releasing her powers maansa destruction in the form of snakes.

These poems vary greatly in length, from lines to several thousand, as in the case of the Chandi-mangal of Mukundarama Chakravarti, a masterpiece of 16th-century Bengali literature. This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat There he scripted a version of the Ramayana called Mahanataka or Hanuman Nataka engraved on the Himalayan rocks using his nails.

Manasamangal Kāvya

Manasa did not hold anything against him for that. The word Shiva is kabya as an adjective in the Rig Veda, as an epithet for several Rigvedic deities, the term Shiva also connotes liberation, final emancipation and the auspicious one, this adjective sense of usage is addressed to many deities in Vedic layers of literature. Another interesting fact is that, this group of poetry or mangal kavya is also exposing the geographical effect of their respective manawa.

The Manasa Mangal begins with goddess worship originating among the lower classes such as fishers, shepherds or the Chandals who are the lowest class in Hindu hierarchy, entrusted with execution of criminals. A force of Company soldiers and British troops led by Robert Clive recaptured the city the following year, declared a presidency city, Calcutta became the headquarters of the East India Company by His decayed flesh healed, he opened his eyes.

In the second half of the paper, I will provide a gendered analysis of the text of the Manasa Mangal.