In economics an isocost line shows all combinations of inputs which cost the same total amount given total cost of inputs. A line joining tangency points of isoquants and isocosts (with input prices held constant) is called the expansion path. An isoquant is a contour line drawn through the set of points at which the same quantity of Isoquants are typically drawn along with isocost curves in capital- labor graphs, showing the technological tradeoff between capital and labor in the . Isoquants: An isoquant (equal quantity) is a curve that shows the combinations of certain inputs such as Labor (L) and Capital (K) that will produce a certain.

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This page was last edited on 20 Isovostsat But, the desire to produce a commodity is not enough. This page was last edited on 29 Novemberat For the two production inputs labour and capital, with fixed unit costs of the inputs, the equation of the isocost line is. The different tax authorities and their functions are outlined below: A cost-minimizing input bundle is a point znd the isoquant for the given y that is on the lowest possible isocost line.

And isoquant must be convex to the origin.

Isoquant – Wikipedia

In both cases the factors will have to be employed in optimal combination at which the cost of production will be minimum. The iso quant closer to the origin indicates a lower level of output. Fundamental Methods of Mathematical Economics Third ed.


The long-run production function of a firm involving the usage of two factors, say, capital and labour is represented by equal-product curve or isoquant.

Retrieved from ” https: Iso quant is also known as Production indifference curve. Economic region of Production:.

Explain a firm’s equilibrium with the help of isoquants and isocost line.

He could do so using the combination represented by points A, B or C in Fig. Individuals have to pay tax on the following incomes: Wikimedia Commons has media related to Isoquants.

Equivalently, it gives the maximum level of output that can be produced for a given total cost of inputs. The chapter examines the theory of production or how firms isowuants production i. After this point is reached, expansion of scale leads to equal prop Since K 2 L 2 is closer to origin as compared to the iso-cost line K 3 L3, it represents relatively lower cost. Isoquants are also called equal product curves.

An isoquants shows all those combinations of factors which produce same level of output.

As with indifference curves, two isoquants can never cross. According to the Modern theory of factor pricing, price o The significance of factors of productive resources is that, any two factors are substitutable e. In other projects Wikimedia Commons.

isoqquants The iso cost line will shift to iscoosts right when money spent on factors increases or firm could buy more as the factor prices are given. Therefore, the only way to maximise profit is to minimise cost. An isocost line is a locus of points showing the alternative combinations of factors that can be purchased with a fixed amount of money.


With the change in the factor prices the slope of iso cost lien will change.

All the isocost lines in the diagram have the same slope because the relative prices of labour and capital are the same. The calculation of taxable income is done for the individual who is an Indian resident. Advance Tax refers to paying a part of your taxes before the end of the financial year. Username or Email Password.


Only if a dollar spent on each input is equally productive is the input bundle optimal. The slope depends on the prices of factors of production and the amount of money which the firm spends on the factors. To see this, consider an example. If a producer seeks to minimize the cost of producing a given amount of output the condition of the equilibrium, is that the marginal rate of technical substitution must be equal to the factor price ratio. For example, the cost would be Rs.

The supply curve shows the influence of price on the adn supplied when other factors that influence quantity supplied are hel Alternative Objectives of Business Firms Economics.

For the convenience of the students, we can state them as follows. On the incomes they have earned themselves.