Request PDF on ResearchGate | On Jan 1, , Teresa López Correa and others published Intubación retrógrada. Acceso quirúrgico a la vía aérea. May 18, ·. INTUBACIÓN RETROGRADA. Views. 8 Likes15 Shares · Share. English (US) · Español · Português (Brasil) · Français (France) · Deutsch. intubacion retrograda tecnica pdf. Quote. Postby Just» Tue Aug 28, am. Looking for intubacion retrograda tecnica pdf. Will be grateful for any help!.

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Very low rates of complications have been reported. The appropriate reinforced endotracheal tube size was passed which connector was previously removed through with the malleable wire as guidance, when the distal end of the endotracheal tube meets the resistance at the level of the cricothyroid membrane against the wirethe wire was cut at the puncture site and the endotracheal tube passed, the remaining wire removed through the tube.

The maxillofacial trauma can cause serious disturbances of the soft and hard tissues of retroggrada anatomical components of the upper airway and often with little external evidence of deformity Arya et al. In addition, the surgical anatomy of the technique is described in detail. Each technique has its indications with advantages and disadvantages. The open reduction and internal fixation of the facial fractures could then be performed as planned and the occlusion checked with intermaxillary fixation.

However, adequate mouth opening is a prerequisite for the technique. Retrograde submental intubation by pharyngeal loop technique in a patient with faciomaxillary trauma and restricted mouth opening. A skin incision of 2 cm in the submental, paramedian region and with blunt dissection toward the floor of mouth until the mucosa was tented intubaxion a hemostat after which another 2 cm incision is made in the mucosa Fig.


Alba Bombarelli

University of Puerto Rico. The limitation of this technique is for patients who also present a neurological deficit or thoracic trauma and need more than 7 days of postoperative ventilator support Jundt et al. The management of a difficult airway is one of the biggest challenges of perioperative anesthesia management.

There have been several articles in the literature describing and modifying the technique Altemir; Jundt et al. In addition, the surgical anatomy of the technique is detailed described. The connector and breathing system were reattached and the cuff retrogradx. Perimortem intracranial orogastric tube in pediatric trauma patient with a basilar skull fracture.

In such cases a tracheostomy is the indicated procedure. Several intubscion management retrohrada have been described, including: Nevertheless, we report for the first time the retrograde submental intubation technique using direct video laryngoscopy.

There was midface mobility, malocclusion and mouth opening was restricted. The mortality rate of tracheostomy has been reported to range from 0.

Since the first application of this technique, less than thirty years ago, many authors have studied the clinical use of this procedure. Afterwards the pilot balloon was grasped with the hemostat and pulled out gently through the passage, then the hemostat was reinserted through the passage to grasp the proximal end of the endotracheal tube to be brought out with controlled rotational movements.

In comparing submental intubation and tracheostomy, retrograxa intubation has no significant reported major complications Jundt et al. It was decided to use retrograde intubation technique in the present case due to the restricted mouth opening, and the difficulty to maintain a clear airway with the submandibular incision bleeding or other invasive manipulation. Then rerograda Seldinger technique the malleable wire Spring-Wire Guide: On initial evaluation the patient was in non-acute distress, alert, awake and oriented, with a Glascow coma score of A closed Kelly hemostatic forceps was introduced through the incision until the tip of the hemostat tented the mucosa of the floor of the mouth staying close to the lingual surface of mandible and lateral to the sublingual caruncle to avoid injury to the submandibular duct and lingual nerve.


Examination of the face revealed periorbital and nasal swelling, traumatic telecanthus, nasal deformity, epistaxis and bilateral subconjuntival hemorrhage. In conclusion, submental intubation is a safe and effective technique for establishing a secure airway in patients requiring facial reconstructive surgery where traditional oral and nasotracheal intubation are contraindicated.

The endotracheal tubes now lies on the floor of the mouth between the tongue and the mandible.


After preoxygenation and intravenous induction of anesthesia, submental region and anterior neck is disinfected and draped as usual sterile fashion. In a literature review conducted by Jundt et al. The anesthesiologist reassures the adequate end tidal carbon dioxide curve and auscultation of the chest for correct position of the tube.

Radiologic examination confirmed the presence of Le Fort II fracture, naso-orbitoethmoid fracture, bilateral zygomaticomaxillary complex fractures and left mandible subcondylar fracture.