Grounded in naturally-occurring language data and drawing on findings from linguistic pragmatics and social psychology, Jonathan Culpeper. Politeness and Impoliteness Jonathan Culpeper (Lancaster University) 1. Introduction Thirty or so years ago politeness was a specialist, even somewhat. Impoliteness strategies. Jonathan Culpeper. Uploaded by. Jonathan Culpeper. Loading Preview. Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. You can download the .

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The surge in politeness studies has had profound effects on the study of pragmatics. Of course, it is not the case that such conventionalised formulae — the stuff of jmpoliteness politeness — constitute the only way politeness is conveyed and understood.

Escandell-Vidal ; Jary ; Christie Elinor Ochs Keenan and Tina L. The other key dimension in Figure 1 is negative versus positive behaviour, presumably referring to culpwper participant’s evaluation of the behaviour. Concluding remarks on the definition of politeness Although the discussion thus far has presented various definitions of politeness which at least capture some aspects of what it is and has conveyed a sense of what politeness involves, it does not culpe;er fully pin down what it is.

Impoliteness: Using Language to Cause Offence – Jonathan Culpeper – Google Books

Convention and context in interpreting indirect requests. As we have seen, “Call the other names” is an impoliteness strategy that could have a number of different concrete linguistic realizations.

Deal with it if you please, a serious manual. Levinson [] Politeness.


Two warnings about strategies need to be issued early: It should be noted that Watts and his colleagues are not dismissing politeness2 approaches. Impolkteness here to sign up.

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Terkourafi, in contrast, argues that, whilst politeness can involve full inferencing in a nonce context, what lies at its heart is a generalised implicature of the first type given above.

A culpwper of focussing on the dynamic and situated characteristics of politeness is that politeness is declared not to be a predictive theory Watts One possible characteristic of politeness, as noted above, is consideration. Furthermore, if “the analyst cannot legitimately attribute meaning, one wonders what, then, does constitute a legitimate role for the analyst” Holmes Brown and Levinson proposed five superstrategies general orientations to face that are systematically related to the degree of face threat.

Ignore, snub the other – fail to acknowledge the other’s presence. Furthermore, Brown and Levinson concede that they “underplay the influence of other factors” Leichty, Greg, and James Applegate Social cognitive and situational iimpoliteness on the use of face-saving persuasive strategies. The background to this lies in Grice’s distinction between particularised and generalised implicatures, and its elaboration by Levinson e.

For example, cupleper was very cylpeper from my diary report data that friends and lovers have clear expectations about behaviours in that impooliteness including, for example, a particular amount of attention paid to each other. Firstly, the relevance theory account of communication still involves the recognition of speakers’ intentions. Such reactions are suggestive of the emotional investment in face.


Falbo, Toni and Letitia A. I shall cover these aspects in the following paragraphs. Markedness here relates to appropriateness: In fact, it lends the Cooperative Principle much explanatory power: Facework, according to Goffman, is made up of “the actions taken by a person to make whatever he [sic] is doing consistent with face” As noted in section 2.

The parallel in clupeper language is the prosody. Call the other names – use derogatory nominations.


Research on context was given a particular boost by the papers published in Duranti and Goodwin This is not to say that it is easy: Cambridge University Press, Jucker eds Current Issues in Relevance Theory.

Disagreements in Oral Communication.

International Journal of the Sociology of Language Special issue of the Journal of Politeness Research 4 2. Austin, Paddy Politeness revisited — the dark side. Her argument is neatly summarised here Terkourafi a: Recent “relational” approaches to politeness, to be reviewed in section 2.

Rapport maintenance could be simply a matter of performing politic behaviour, or a matter of restoring relations in the light of threatening behaviour. Escandell-Vidal, Victoria Towards a cognitive approach to politeness.

One such difference is that they posit two related components of face. Such beliefs — which can include beliefs about culpepeg itself — are part of a society’s moral order.