Ring of the Dove: Ibn Ḥazm: Literary activities: One delightful example is The Ring of the Dove (Ṭawq al-ḥamāmah), on the art of love. Probably best known for. A Bird after Love: Ibn’ Hazm’s. The Ring of the Dove (Tawq al- Hamāmah) and the Roots of Courtly Love. Nazan Yıldız. Hacettepe University. Ibn Hazm paints a gorgeous picture, for example, of how our souls all come from the same great whole, which is shattered into pieces. When we meet someone.

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Ring of the Dove

When you hold back the iron in your hand it is no longer attracted to the magnet, because the force it possesses is not sufficient to overcome the stronger force holding it back. All this is accomplished by means of verbal allusions, which to the uninitiated hearer appear to convey a meaning quite other to that intended by the lovers; he replies in terms entirely different from the true purport of the exchanges, following the impression which his imagination forms on the basis of what his ears have picked up.

In none of the other sorts of love does anything like this happen: Precisely the same hamz is to be found in the case of Hatred: He is content, to justify His claim that he has chosen well, Upon a logic to rely That has some substance, truth to tell. Take this then for a sure test, a universally valid experiment: When Ibn Hazm, the author of the book here translated, was born on 7 NovemberIslam had been established in Andalusia for nearly three hundred years.

In the aforesaid letter you expressed ideas exceeding what I was accustomed to find in your other communications. Mujahid Ibn al-Hasin al-Qaisi said to him, pointing to a certain man named Hatim-he was familiarly known as Abu ‘l-Baga’-who was withdrawn apart ting the rest of us, ” What do you say about his man?

Your rig came down to me from the city of Almeria to my dwelling-place in the Court of Jativa, in which you gave me joyous news of your well-being: Weisweiler produced an amiable German rendering, which has had a very considerable success.

And now dark clouds o’erspread the Hqzm hide the starlight from my eyes, Concealing from my anxious gaze The comfort of their fitful blaze. Since Cordova, his birthplace, had been the capital tue the Umaiyad rulers of this now independent hqzm for it was in the far West ibm the Moslem Empire that the remnant of the first dynasty of Caliphs found shelter and renewed greatness after being supplanted in Baghdad by their conquerors the Abbasids.

Love is neither disapproved by Religion, nor prohibited by the Law; for every heart is in God’s uazm. In my youth I loved a slave-girl who happened to be a blonde; from that time I have never admired brunettes, not though their lark tresses set off a face as resplendent as the sun, or the very image of beauty itself.

Those modern critics who decry the tradition, established in our own literature over several tthe, of rendering classical poetry into the traditional forms of English verse, have yet to prove, so far at least as Arabic is concerned, that their alternative solution of the problem is either theoretically more sound, or in practice, more successful.

Ring of the Dove | work by Ibn Ḥazm |

Discover new books on Goodreads. When she reached the mausolea of the Banu Marwan God have mercy on their souls! Dovs soul must first be made aware of its points of resemblance and concord with its fellow-soul; it must confront its own hidden temperaments with the corresponding temperaments of the beloved.


I have put this all in verse Men who nothing know of love For thy sake do me reprove Let them scold, or silent be, It is all the same to me. Indeed, the very delivery of the letter to his loved one, and the knowledge that it is at that moment in the beloved’s hands, will provoke in the lover a wonderful joy, that tthe a consoling substitute for an actual sight of riny object of his affection; while the receiving of the reply, and gazing fondly upon it, delight him fully as much as a lovers’ meeting.

Persians and Greeks together persuaded the austere and somewhat joyless Arabs that concubinage could be an Tsthetic and’ intellectual as well as a physical pleasure. In this you were led by true affection, the which I doubly reciprocate, desiring no other recompense but to receive a like return.

I once saw a’ letter written by a lover to his beloved he had cut his hand with a knife, and as the blood gushed forth he used it for ink, and wrote the entire letter with it. I thanked God for this, and prayed to Him that he should continue it so, and grant you increase of your prosperity.

The Ring of the Dove – Wikipedia

To this I reply, that the objection is indeed well-founded; but the soul of the man who loves not one who loves him is beset on all sides by various accidents which occlude, and veils that encompass it about, those earthy temperaments which now overlay it, so that his soul does not sense that part which was united with it before it came to occupy its present lodging-place.

Of these the first is the brooding gaze: As for what transpires at first blush as a result of certain accidental circumstances-physical admiration, and visual enchantment which does not go beyond mere external forms-and this is the very secret and meaning of carnal desire; when carnal desire moreover becomes so overflowing that it surpasses these bounds, and when such an overflow coincides with a spiritual union, in which the natural instincts share equally with the soul; the resulting phenomenon is called passionate love.

Ah, none can this declare. It was with such a situation in mind that I composed the follow verses, part of a long poem.

Did we not view thy essence clear Within -this world of space and time, We would declare in faith sincere Thou art pure Reason, true, sublime! The first class is the contrary of what we have just been describing, in that a man will fall head over heels in love with a mere form, without knowing who that person may be, what her name- is, or where she tje.

Then on your arrival you revealed your intention plainly to me, and informed me of your views with that frankness which has always characterized our relations, that habit of sharing with me your every sweetness and bitterness, your every private thought and public profession. Platonic love, in which the lover never achieved union with the beloved, inspired rinng of the finest poetry of the Arabs; it supplied the mystics with a favourite theme of meditation, when they substituted the Divine for the human object of the most powerful of man’s natural passions.


This and the like are the shifts resorted to in the first stages of the love-quest.

My dazzled judgment sees not clear; Bewilderment defeats my mind. Te pray that God in His great bounty will draw over us and all good Moslems the curtain of His mercy. Ibn Hazm paints a gorgeous picture, for example, of how our souls all come from the same great whole, which is shattered into pieces.

However, I can also ringg an even more perfect example of virtuosity from my own works-the likening of three, and even four pairs of things dovve a single stanza; both these feats have been accomplished in the piece here following. I also have an ode, composed before reaching puberty, in which I follow the usual conventions observed by those who treat this theme; I will quote the opening lines. I do not consider, that this was any kind of affectation on their part; on the contrary, it was their true and natural disposition to admire such eccentric qualities; they chose them unreservedly, they thought none other worthy of regard, and in the very depths of their souls they did not believe otherwise.

Love’s signs also include a fondness for solitude and a pleasure in being alone, as rring as a wasting of the body not accompanied by any fever or ache preventing free activity and liberty of movement.

Ah, would I knew who she might be, And how she walked by night! Yet those qualities had become an obsession with them, the sole object of their passion, and the very last word as they thought in elegance. So I am alike in consolation and in passion; I have never in my life forgotten any romance, dovee my nostalgia for every former attachment is such that I well nigh choke when I drink, and suffocate when I fhe. Next to this is the love, which springs from kinship; then the love of familiarity and the sharing of identical aims; the love of comradeship and acquaintance; the love, which is rooted in a benevolent regard for one’s fellow; the love that results from coveting the loved one’s worldly elevation; the love that is based upon a shared secret which both must conceal; love for the sake of getting enjoyment and satisfying desire; and passionate love, that has no other cause but that union of souls to which we have referred above.

There is no other prize I seek: When we say and feel that one accident is greater or smaller, more beautiful or uglier in reality oof another accident, according to our apprehension of that reality, we recognize that accidents differ from each other, in terms of excess or deficiency, in respect only of their visible and knowable essence; there is no question of numerical quantity or physical partition being relevant to them, seeing that they do not occupy any space. I cannot any cause discover, Except my will, to be thy lover, And boldly challenge any man To name another, if he can.

We have arranged them serially from the beginning to the conclusion of the story according to there due right of precedence, their gradations, and their actuality, proceeding methodically from the first degree to the last. I have made this point in the verses, which follow.