Unit 1. Introduction to IBM System p Servers and AIX system administration Administration II class (Q/AU16) includes a discussion of diagnostics. In the following example, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DTE Window Packet Logical * LU. In the following example of the LINK statement, AU20 is the name of a non-DDN network, and AU16 is the name of a DDN network. * NPSI MCH DNIC DTE.

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Truby coined the name “Diphone” for these segments. Three-ring binder for 8. K Truby, H.

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Initial test material was xu16 synthetic version of the Central Institute for the Deaf intelligibility test CID W22, using phonetically-balanced words. Description and naming of diphones. The speech synthesis project was terminated during because of insufficient commercial application to continue the funding.

Formant synthesis, rather than articulatory synthesis, was chosen because it was thought the control data could be obtained from a sound spectro- graph or an electronic bim. Research and Development, 8, Word time slots of ms on a magnetic drum, words maximum, available to 48 telephone lines simultaneously. User’s guide for develop- ment text-to-speech system. The patterns were then taped to a transparent, endless mylar belt to be carried past a flying-spot scanner photos.

NMAH | Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project ()

Use of a separate analog synthesizer avoided the computer processing necessary to construct the speech wave, as complete simulations at that time were taking times real lbm on a large computer, an IBM The goal was a completely simulated text-to-speech system. One of these techniques was seen to be speech synthesis for language translators, reservation systems, office business systems, and aids for people with impaired vision.


Installed at the New York Stock Exchange. Bythe company name had been changed to International Business Machines Corporation, and a line of business based on a printing calculator had begun to dominate its sales.

A partial control pattern and sound sample. Diphone-assembly logic starts on leaf 17 for 12 pages.

Goal of text-to-speech using diphone concatenation. Smithsonian Speech Synthesis History Project.

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During this period, N. Dixon, containing examples of sentence synthesis from the function generator, au166 words, and diphone sentences diphone spelling. The synthesizer control patterns were stored digitally in the computer in short units, mainly as consonant- vowel and vowel-consonant pairs. Effect of vowel duration on perceived intensity and quality.

Byit had become apparent that familiarization with the synthetic material limited the research staff’s ability to make further improvements in the synthesis. I,K Discussion of the theory of diphone construction for multiallophonic roles in continuous speech. Aylsworth, “Some effects of list familiarity and synthetic segment familiarity on the intelligibility of PB-words produced by diphone synthesis,” 70th meeting of the Acoust.

Analysis of the tests suggested which diphones needed to be improved, and which diphones were being confused.

If necessary within about the next years, the esti- mated life of the paper, the electronic diphone library 5B can be reconstructed by scanning the printed pages and using optical character recognition see included Reconstruction notes.

Watson Research Center Assoc. One synthesizer per telephone line. Diphones were synthesized initially in a meaningful word, but stylized for subsequent use in other allophonic roles by later modification of duration and intonation. Detailed description of TASS-III system with circuit transfer functions s-plane equationscalibration bim, and a description ubm the sound room used for testing.

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Late in the year, additions to the function generator allowed the patterns to be sampled at millisecond intervals and punched into cards for entry into the IBM computer. A graphics display replaced the previous multi-channel function generator.

Munster,Basel: A synthesis approach based on assembling words from stored diphone segments was chosen because of the potential reduction in required computer storage over a1u6 whole words, and the expectation that segment assembly would require less real-time processing than a synthesis ibk rule method. Diphone-assembly rules for Lib 4. Notes on original function generator patterns. Formant synthesizer implemented with operational amplifiers and controlled by an on-line computer with graphic display.

IBM Confidential, declassified Jan.

This function generator design was believed to offer improvement in flexibility and ease-of-use over the previous designs for multi-channel function generators using conducting ink see SSSHP UK University College London. Also, bim function generator and synthesizer offered immediate response, whereas complete computer simulation would have required overnight processing.

Watson Research Center H. Amplitude modulation of the noise source to improve naturalness. This was one of the first uses of intelligibility tests to diagnose problems with speech synthesis.