In , the psychiatrist Charles K. Hofling conducted a field experiment on obedience in the nurse-physician relationship. The aim of this. Hospital Under Beds, Hospital Over Beds, Eldercare or Hospice Facility Home > August – Volume – Issue 2 > AN EXPERIMENTAL STUDY IN HOFLING CHARLES K. M.D.; BROTZMAN, EVELINE R.N, M.S.; Diagnosis of Ovarian Cancer and Object Relationships in Early Memories: A Pilot Study. In the original Hofling hospital experiment (). A person would telephone a nurse, saying that he was a doctor and giving a fictitious name, asking the nurse .

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Finally, the nurses never had the chance to withdraw from the investigation due them believing it was a real life situation. Although there was no informed consent given to the nurses, this is understandable as this would change the behaviour of the nurses which was create unreliable results.

Hofling hospital experiment

Crime and Anti-Social Behaviour. It states in the experiment that some nurses became emotionally upset.

So although there was deception involved in this experiment when it comes to the nurses used for the actual situation, it was deception that was possibly worth it to get an accurate result. Those involved in the experiment were never named; which is ethical because it matches with the confidentiality area of the guidelines.

For informed consent the nurses are not fully informed of the full experiment, this can be okay with the experimwnt as long as it involves an everyday situation. The implication is that with fewer reasons to refuse, they would be even more likely to obey.

Although there is slight deception and no informed consent, conducting the experiment otherwise would have altered the results and the study would not be as accurate. Sign up or log in Sign up using Google. I would let someone repeat Hoflings experiment, this is because overall i believe that the experiment was done mostly ethically, even though this was not the case one hundred percent expwriment the time.

In many ways Hofling was not ethnical.

Amongst the hofoing group, 10 of the 12 graduate nurses and all 21 students said they would not have administered the medication. The nurses also were never named in Hoflings experiment and so would not be if somebody repeated the experiment today. However, this was in the interest of getting a useful results, and other aspects of the guideline such as ensuring that what was happening in the experiment could happen in real life were used, making the experiment more ethical as the experience could have expegiment in real life.


If correct, the teacher would read the word pair.

This could cause them mental harm as they will always think back to the investigation and how they responded to it. Informed consent is the understanding that participants must be told experimwnt the researcher what the research is all about and then the researcher must ask for their consent to take part. By continuing to use this website, you agree to their use. Next, the teacher and learner were taken into an adjacent room where the learner was strapped into what appeared to be an electric chair, experi,ent experimenter told the participants this was hlspital ensure that the learner would not escape.

I would let someone repeat the experiment, mainly because nobody was harmed in the procedure, but also because it can protect future patients from being harmed from unreliable nurses. This is because the nurses did not agree to take part in the experiment, or in fact know that an experiment was ever taking place. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. However, as this is an experiment the astroten is fake and is actually a placebo so no patients are hoxpital in the process.

The participants were all debriefed at the end of the study by a researcher within half an hour.

However i believe that the protection of participants was not acceptable. The jofling stopped nurses just before giving injections. In a village in America, they have a ritual wherein once in a year, they put blank chits in a black box expect one chit which has black circle on it and heads of family have to pick up chit from box; family head that gets chit hsopital black circle is eligible for next round.

The subject and the actor both drew slips of paper to determine their roles, but unknown to the subject, both slips said teacher, the actor would always claim to have drawn the slip that read learner, thus guaranteeing that the subject would always be the teacher.

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It was not made clear if the nurses could withdraw but I think this would have been a necessary option if the study was repeated. This would then be swopped again at the end of the experiment. However, these issues do not appear to be overly problematic as at the end of the experimentt, the participants are debriefed on what they have just experienced.

Hofling hospital experiment – WikiVisually

The researcher playing Doctor Smith used a written script to standardise the conversation and all conversations were recorded. The teacher began by reading the list of pairs to the learner. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies.

The experiment did not use hovling names to keep confidentiality and protect the participants. Therefore, this study should be continued today, but with some changes so that the ethical guidelines are followed and that the subjects are fully informed about what they are agreeing to do.

The telephone conversations were generally brief without much resistance from the nurses. In addition, this shows that the investigation did not cover all of the exoeriment guidelines that would be apparent today, and therefore the procedure would need changing to ensure that all of the guidelines were covered.

Hofling hospital experiment – Wikipedia

A bottle labelled “Astroten” had been placed in the drug cabinet, but there was no drug of that name on the approved list. August 24, at Consequently as they did not know they were part this experiment they were unaware that they could withdraw from taking part in the investigation. The ethical issues surrounding the experiment all focus on the well being of the nurse.