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Halaku Khan By Aslam Rahi M. A Urdushairi.com

Baibars and Qutuz had hidden the bulk kahn their forces in the hills to wait in ambush for the Mongols to come into range. Hulagu’s army greatly expanded the southwestern portion of the Mongol Empirefounding the Ilkhanate of Persiaa precursor to the eventual Safavid dynastyand then the modern state of Iran.

The citizens of the ancient capital of the Caliphate saw for the first time for six centuries three Christian potentates ride in triumph through their streets”, Runcimanp.

University of Pennsylvania Press. She was a Christian of the Church of the East often referred to as “Nestorianism” and Hulagu was friendly to Christianity.

History of Halaku Khan – Siege of Baghdad. Hindi & Urdu – video dailymotion

Shahi IslandLake Urmia. When the Mongols reached the highlands, Egyptians appeared from hiding, and the Mongols found themselves surrounded by enemy forces as the hidden troops hit them from the sides and Qutuz attacked the Mongol rear.

Retrieved 6 May Hulagu intended to continue southward through Palestine towards Cairo to fight the Mamluks. The attacking Mongols broke dikes and flooded the ground behind the caliph’s army, trapping them.

Hulagu Khan – Wikipedia

Almost the whole Mongol army that had remained in the region, including Kitbuqa, were either killed or captured that day. Hulagu’s favorite wife, Doquz Khatunwas also a Christian, as was his closest friend and general, Hrdu.


He histoy that Qutuz open Cairo or it would be destroyed like Baghdad. Tensions between Franks and Mongols also increased when Julian of Sidon caused an incident resulting in the death of one of Kitbuqa’s grandsons.

His funeral was the only Ilkhanate funeral to feature human sacrifice.

He initiated a series of raids on Hulagu’s territories, led by Nogai Khan. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Ilkhan of the Ilkhanate. The caliph was captured and forced to watch as his citizens were murdered and his treasury plundered. Survivors said that the waters of the Tigris ran black with ink from the enormous quantity of books flung into the river. In an unusual move, however, they allowed the Egyptian Mamluks to march northward without hindrance through Crusader territory and even let them camp near Acre to resupply.

Berke Khan, a Muslim convert, had promised retribution in his rage after Hulagu’s sack of Baghdad and allied himself with the Mamluks. Retrieved from ” https: Estimates of the size of the Egyptian army range from 24, toHulagu sent multiple communications to Europe in an attempt to establish a Franco-Mongol alliance against the Muslims. The history of Persia. Most historians believe the Mongol and Muslim accounts that the caliph was rolled up in a rug and the Mongols rode their horses over him, as they believed that the earth would be offended if touched by royal blood.


To which is added, an abridgment of the lives of the kings of Harmuz, or Ormuz. The Grand Library of Baghdadcontaining countless precious historical documents and books on subjects ranging from medicine to astronomy, was destroyed.

Hulagu Khan

Many historical accounts describe the three Christian rulers Hetum, Bohemond, and Kitbuqa entering the city of Damascus together in triumph, [18] [19] though some modern historians such as David Morgan have questioned this story as apocryphal. Buddhism and Islam on the Silk Road. This was the first open war between Mongols and signaled the end of the unified empire. The Mongol invasion east and south came to a stop after Ain Jalut.

Tekuder Abaqa Taraqai Mengu Timur. When he massed his armies to attack the Mamluks and avenge the defeat at Ayn Jalut, however, he was instead drawn into civil war with Batu Khan ‘s brother Berke. Many new-born children in Italy were named after Mongol rulers, including Hulagu: After the succession was settled and his brother Kublai Khan was established as Great Khan, Hulagu returned to his lands by Hulagu vigorously carried out the latter part of these instructions.

Siege of Baghdad