De Garengeot hernias are femoral hernias that contain the appendix. It is a rare phenomenon, with only 1% of all femoral hernias containing the appendix (and. De Garengeot hernia should be suspected in an elderly woman presenting with signs and symptoms of a strangulated hernia. The differential. Images in Clinical Medicine from The New England Journal of Medicine — De Garengeot’s Hernia.

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Her abdomen was soft and nontender; there was a palpable, nonerythematous lump in the right groin which was tender to touch and irreducible. We therefore recommend initial diagnostic laparoscopy in the treatment of groin hernias with atypical presentations and when the contents of the hernia cannot be determined either clinically or radiologically.

However, a preoperative diagnosis has often been reported in recent studies, mostly through CT [ 5 ]. Published online Jan However, as demonstrated in patient 2, appendix which is visually confirmed healthy could be reduced and left in situ without compromising gagengeot postoperative outcome, whereas resection of a healthy appendix can lead to unnecessary infection risks [ 29 ].

De Garengeot’s hernia

An appendicectomy was then done and the base was buried using purse-string technique with absorbable polydioxanone suture. Appendix abscess in a femoral hernia sac — case report and review of the literature. Appendicitis within a Femoral Hernia. This rare hernia usually presents with both diagnostic and therapeutic dilemmas.


Abstract Background and Objectives: Hernioplasty was performed via the anterior approach to prevent properitoneal contamination. Due to herniw small potential space in the femoral canal, femoral hernias are much more likely to become incarcerated and strangulated.

The hernia could be reduced by deliberately pulling the appendix. National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Inguinotomy was performed and after hernia sac dissection it was possible to observe the presence of garengept appendix incarcerated in its interior, without clinical signs of appendicitis.

Treatment consists of emergency surgery. Appleton Century Crofts; ; With increasing published case reports it may be possible to systematically review the cases and reach a consensus as to what the optimal surgical management may be.

To the best of our knowledge, this approach has never been described before. We performed appendectomy and hernioplasty via different approaches to prevent mesh contamination.

De Garengeot hernia: Case report and review

Address reprint requests to: National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. The graengeot specimen was sent off for histological analysis, which did not show any evidence of appendicitis. View large Download slide. Written informed consent was obtained from the patient for publication of this case reportand accompanying images.


Stranding and thickening of the adjacent anterior abdominal wall fat was also seen.

The sac was opened and seropurulent fluid was evacuated. Indexed henria Web of Science. A laparoscopic appendectomy was then performed prior to open exploration of the groin. The appendix is removed in most cases.

Case Reports in Surgery

We were able to obtain a correct diagnosis and perform an appendectomy prior to making a groin incision. Therefore, selection of the appropriate surgical approach to prevent wound infection is important, especially in the presence of appendicitis. He denied previous symptoms of hernia. The same approach can be applied to acute appendicitis occurring within an inguinal hernia also known as Amyand hernia.

De Garengeot hernia is a rare entity that requires early treatment in order to avoid complications. A major portion of the appendix was seen to pass through a defect adjacent to the inguinal ligament. A unique case of xanthogranulomatous cholecystitis complicated by multiple liver abscesses and portal vein and hepatic artery thrombosis and occlusion.

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