Heidegger, Martin, The Self-Assertion of the German University and The. Rectorate / Facts and Thoughts, Review of Metaphysics, (Mar .). of this “Heidegger controversy” (Thomson ) shows that it has long had the .. Heidegger’s Rectorial Address lays great stress on the need for scientists to. Martin Heidegger wanted his writings to speak for themselves. The necessary new edition of the Rectoral Address, which appeared in Prance in in a.

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Harper Collins,p. At the time, the title of the address alone made people listen more attentively. Rectoria being Dasein — as members of a community of scientists, teachers, and students — is determined by science. According to this statement, only this successor could be considered the first National Socialist rector of the University of Freiburg, a man who, himself a veteran, assured a fighting-soldierly spirit and its spread at the university.

There was an insistence that what mattered, at least for the time recyorial, in recforial such appointments, was not so much the significance of an individual’s scholarship or his teaching ability as his political reliability and activistic decisiveness.

The whole lecture shows that I was at that time an adversary of the regime. The Black Notebookswritten between andcontain several anti-semitic statements. Fehrle, the Ministerial Counsellor responsible for the universities, while heidegter and good-natured, was completely in their hand. I can add only that instead of the word “Jews” [in your letter] there should be the word ” East Germans “, and then exactly the same [terror] holds true of one of the Allieswith the difference that everything that has happened since is public knowledge world-wide, whereas the bloody terror of the Revtorial was in fact kept a secret from the German people.

And who, listening to this address inwould harken to such subtlety? Search the history of over billion web pages on the Internet. My entry into the party remained only a matter of form in so far as the party leadership did not have the slightest intention of involving me in any deliberations concerning questions that per- tained to the university, culture, and education. Nor did he ever repudiate his involvement as rector of Freiburg University. The participants in the camp took note of the address, but xddress not discuss it further.

Such reflection on the realm to which science belongs by its essence, reflection that also rectroial that essence, must take place in every science if that “science” is not to be without knowing. What connections, if any, are there between his thought and the National Socialist ideology? The minister declared that he did not want this opposition, which presumably rested on the incompatibility of heideggef philosophy with the National Socialist Weltanschauung, to reach the public as a conflict between the University of Freiburg and the ministry.

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Certainly, it was more com- fortable to stay on the sidelines, to turn up one’s nose at these “impossible people,” and to sing the praises of what had been, without a glance at the historical situation of the Western world.

In this address, he argued for a revolution in knowledge, a revolution that would displace the traditional idea that the university should be independent of the state:. Habermas cites a letter heidfgger himself from Rainer Marten dated January 28, All science remains bound to that beginning of philosophy.

Those who even then were so endowed with the gift of prophecy that they foresaw all that came, as it came— I was not so wise— why did they wait almost ten years before opposing the threatening disaster?

One only has to heed a second point.

On Heidegger’s Nazism and Philosophy

Whether this will happen or not depends alone on whether or not we, as a historical-spiritual people, still and once again will ourselves. Perhaps it would have been more correct to have resigned from office already at this time. I would not write those sentences today. And Heidegger pointedly declared that genuine leadership must recognize the autonomy and freedom of rectorlal who follow.

The address was not understood by those whom it concerned; neither was its content understood, nor was it understood in this respect: But these events, too, are only a fleeting appearance on waves of a movement of our history, of whose dimensions the Germans have as yet no inkling, even now that catastrophe has en- gulfed them.

Why did not those who in thought they possessed such wisdom, why did not they, especially, then arouse themselves to turn everything, from the very bottom, towards the good? With every passing day I found myself ever more occupied with matters that, given my real concern, I had to consider unimportant.

He didn’t understand it. Whether we do or not, the question must be faced: The notice had already been posted in all German universities. And they will do so if, and only if, we — this body of teachers and students — on the one hand expose science to its innermost necessity and, on the other hand, are equal to the German fate in its most extreme distress.


His early work, culminating in the epochal Being and Time —one of the most difficult, influential, and certainly one of the most controversial books address philosophy produced in this century—lay behind him. It is a sad irony that Heidegger, a philosopher who began by speaking with rare eloquence about authenticity and the importance adfress attending to the elusive whisperings of reality, should have proven to be so deaf when reality burst in upon him with the harsh and agonizingly real strains of tyranny.

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Thinking from these writings and, still more essen- tially, from their foundations, we thought what was coming, that is to say, we attempted to counter it, as we confronted it. He spoke on race and the principle of race.

But beyond this, the Rector al Address states clearly the rejection of this idea of “political science. The Chris- tian-theological interpretation of the world that followed, as well as the later mathematical-technological thinking of the modern age, have separated science both in time and in its concerns from its beginning.

Recently the thesis of Faye’s followers F.

Knowledge does not heideggger the professions, quite the reverse: To pretend otherwise is mendacious pedantry. English translation by William J. After the plan for the camp had become known in Karlsruhe, an heidevger request soon arrived from Heidelberg, rectorjal one also be allowed to send some participants; in the same vein Heidelberg communicated with Kiel.

Just because of this, knowing must develop its highest defiance; called forth by such defiance, all the power of the hiddenness of what is must first arise for knowing really to fail. This raised concerns in post-Nazi Germany that Heidegger was distinguishing a “good Nazism” from a “bad Nazism”, a contention supported by his philosophical opponents, including Bauemler [ citation needed ].

But in some ways, his subsequent withdrawal from political activity is even more questionable than his brief period of political engagement.