Hemoglobin electrophoresis is a blood test that can detect different types of hemoglobin. It uses the principles of gel electrophoresis to separate out the various. In addition CE and HPLC identify and measure many variant haemoglobins, including the commonly encountered variants HbS, HbC, HbE and Hb D-Punjab. The advantage of the HPLC system is the excellent resolution, reproducibility & quantification of several normal & abnormal hemoglobin.

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They can have a positive charge or a negative one according to the ionisable groups acidic or basic side chain that they have.

It is possible to add a comment with the most probable name of the abnormal Hb variant. Click Elektroforesiw in the window appearing when performing this procedure.

Place the wick between positions of the cooling plate. The separated Hbs on the stained gel are evaluated by visual inspection. This condition, known as phlebitis, can be treated with a warm compress several times a day. The isoelectric point pI is the specific pH at which the net charge on the molecule is zero proteins are positively charged at pH values hv their pI and negatively changed at pH values above their pI 13 They first clean the site with a eektroforesis of rubbing alcohol.

Both beet and cane sugar are found in many foods, including sweets and sodas. HPLC machines have analyte identification windows that help in the interpretation of normal and abnormal haemoglobins detected in the blood sample 9.


Capillary isoelectric focusing elektroforesiw high performance cation-exchange chromatography compared for the qualitative and quantitative analysis of haemoglobin variants. The normal range for HbA 2 is 2.

Hemoglobin electrophoresis – Wikipedia

To screen for genetic conditions: Do You Live with Anxiety? Where and how a hemoglobin electrophoresis test is administered. Polyacrylamide is a polymer with elektoforesis interstices – approximately the size of proteins so that apart from surface charge, separation depends on the size of the molecules.

Refer to the isoelectric focusing maps of human haemoglobins 1314 for variants that are out of the AFSC range. Be careful not to trap air bubbles between the gel and cooling plate. This control was established by the World Health Organization in as the international Reference Reagent with an assigned value of 5. Different reports have addressed the precision of the retention times obtained with stored normal [ 8 ] and abnormal samples [ 56 ].

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. HPLC—how necessary is it for haemoglobinopathy diagnosis in India? Pipette water onto the centre of the cooling plate. Cambridge University Press; Electrophoresis is a separation technique based on the mobility eleltroforesis ions in an electric field. The positions of various haemoglobin fractions on cellulose acetate electrophoresis are shown in Figure 3.

Place the electrode holder over the gel with the cathode electrode on left black and centre the electrodes over the wicks. Current guidelines require that abnormal variant Hbs should be confirmed by another independent technique. Other variants included, HbD Iran Fig. Separation of the proteins is primarily by charge.


In this chapter, the most commonly used electrophoretic methods in thalassaemia population screening programmes or for diagnosis of homozygote states and identification of variants will be described.

Hemoglobin electrophoresis

The cellulose acetate membranes are cut in 40 x l00 mm each and soaked shiny side down in TEB buffer for 5 minutes. The windows are defined retention time intervals in which the common haemoglobin variants are eluted eg HbS, C and Elektgoforesis. HPLC chromatogram showing a sharp peak of HbH arrow at the start of integration aalso confirmed by HbH inclusions on brilliant cresyl blue preparation b. Quantitation of Hb A2 ele,troforesis DE microchromatography in whole blood as screening test for beta-thalassaemia heterozygotes.

Hemoglobin SC disease and HbC disorders.

Other anticoagulants may also be used. Journal of Automatic Chemistry. When enough blood has been drawn, they remove the needle and cover the site with a gauze pad. Plates are scanned on a laser scanning densitometer for determination of pI values. Prenatal and postnatal elektroforseis of thalassemias and hemoglobinopathies by HPLC.

Please review our privacy policy. Alternatives are made by Sartorius and by Shandon. If a haemoglobin variant is present then this is cut separately into 4 or 16 ml distilled water depending on the quantity of the variant present.