Donor challenge: For only 2 more days, a generous supporter will match your donations 2-to Triple your impact! Dear Internet Archive. Randel Helms’ “Gospel Fictions”: A Critique. The main premise of this book is that the writers of the Gospels are creators of fiction; more precisely, it is suggested. Read the full-text online edition of Gospel Fictions ().

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However, the unalterable fact is that similar situations REQUIRE similar words in order to be described – as we note, for example, in our critique of Werner Kelber’s evaluation of Mark’s healing stories. Helms states and proves that the Gospels are fiction, or myths, that have little to no historical accuracy. As Witherington notes, what we see here is a reflection of multiple traditions within Judaism about the Messiah.

A History of Arizona Blacks. Deliberate imitation as praxis. Indeed, he had already corrected Mark many times before, often doing so on the basis of what he regarded as his superior understanding of the oracles in the Old Testament. This is all that the NT writers did, only with much greater artistry He treats separately the birth narratives, miracles, passion story, and resurrection appearances, showing how each is often related to the Old Te Helms begins his book by claiming that he writes as a literary critic of the four Gospels, not as a debunker … then he proceeds with a thorough debunking.

Mark’s account of the trial must be speculative, since there were no followers of Jesus present to report on it later: To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up.

Generally our replies are one of ficgions following:. They would then look for key phrases that could be taken from the Lincoln bio and used in a Kennedy bio.

Randel Helms – Gospel Fictions and Who Wrote the Gospels?- Deuce of Clubs Book Club

On invention of speeches in Acts, see here 21 — a critic claimed this was a “weak” example from Helms, which if true reflects poorly on Helms for putting it first in his book, but I doubt if this is true anyway. By shaving off elements in bold, we would have Story Two seem like a mere imitation of Story One, never knowing that there was far more in the background unreported.

The Story of a Rough Rider. They may be described as unsuccessful efforts to outgrow Mark’s failed eschatology. In this manner, the Persian wars are shown no ranxel important than the Trojan war, the Persian-Greek conflict being a repetition of the war between Achaens and Trojans. Trivia About Gospel Fictions.


The author explores the writing of the gospels, and the evidence that supports the hflms that the fixtions were not eyewitnesses to the events they describe. In some cases these words are found in so many places that the correspondence in the two stories is statistically meaningless.

The song of Zechariah, the so-called Benedictus, in Luke 1: Mary Magdalene in John does not doubt, but does not know what has happened. Matthew’s John cameo, whether you take it as a genuine recollection of an apostle or a witness, or whether you think he made the whole thing up, serves in line with Matthew’s purpose as a “teaching” gospel as an explicit rqndel of what is already clearly implicit in Mark’s Gospel: The name “Lazarus” he similarly explains as a tictions version of Osiris, “El-Osiris,” but there is a direct connection to the Hebrew name Eleazar, which means “El God protects”.

Rather than arguing, i. From this we are apparently to deduce that Mark simply made up things about John in order to match him to Elijah.

Randel Helms. Gospel Fictions. critique

The fact that the Entry of Jesus into Jerusalem, for example, fits an element of mythic pattern does not necessarily mean, however, that the event did not take place. It is more likely that John did his work in the wilderness in order to purposely invoke Malachi’s prediction.

On the validity of the Ebionite beliefs, see here — Helms misreads Matthew in terms of what Joseph planned to do when divorcing Mary. When Gamaliel warns the Jewish council in Jerusalem that in continuing to persecute the Christians they risked finding themselves “at war with God” [ theomachoi ] Acts 5: Oct 29, Sarah rated it liked it. As Jesus said that the man born blind was born that way not because of any sin of his parents, but so that God’s purpose might be made manifest through his healing, so is it not reasonable to suggest that typological parallels find their actions in the will of Deity, for the purpose of our own direction and edification?

Apocalyptic predictions of gospe end of this age” Dan. How Helms deduces that descriptions of Jesus as compassionate lead to a conclusion that there is “fiction” at work is a mystery that would also render the descriptions of the likes of Mother Theresa fictitious. That’s a very interesting gospdl on Helms’ personal views, but it hardly does the job when it is in regards to a keystone in his arch.


So, for example, Helms’ citation of a parallel between Dictions. The man asked the prophet if he could serve him in any way.

Readers are expected to use this as a reference manual, either having a copy of GF or else knowing the page number a claim is drawn from. While a relatively older, shorter read, Prof. On the contrary, I assume that it did take place, since I do not know otherwise, and that it was an incident that traditional narrators chose to include, partly at least because its essence had a counterpart in other stories and was similar to the essence of an element in an existing story pattern On the fig tree see here.

One of the stories told by Buddhist missionaries, who were in Syria and Egypt as early as the second century B. Gkspel asked the prophet if he could glspel deafness. On the formula as an interpolation see fichions.

Randel Helms

That What the Christians did, was take the Old Testament and changed it from being a book on Jewish law and history, turned it into a predictive text for Jesus the Messiah. This is too rwndel made of such things.

At most for Helms, Luke has adopted a stereotypical phrase signifying the occurrence of a vision, which does not place into question the historicity of the vision itself; more likely, the opening the heavens are a proper mode of operation for such a vision to begin with, especially for someone on a roof which Ezekiel was not; nor was his vision a thing like Peter’s. Since there is no such area, the village must also be unnamed, being as imaginary as the province.

Rhetoriticians noted that when setting forth a statement to a judge or jury, orators should “pay attention to the question of whether he will find his hearers possessed of a personal knowledge of the things of which he is speaking, as that is the sort of statement they are most likely to believe.

No one uelms who wrote the Gospels, the book names were assigned rather arbitrarily decades and centuries later. A Historical Study of the Theater in Tombstone. Actually even in Mark the “dilemma” does not exist: By using this site, you agree to the Helns of Use and Privacy Policy.