purpose has been the evaluation of gingival inflammation in children. Gingival Index (GI). The Gingival Index (Löe and Silness, ) was. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index of Loe and Silness from publication: Correlation of oral health of children with acute leukemia during the induction. Download scientific diagram | Gingival index (Loe and Silness ) from publication: A comparative evaluation of topical and intrasulcular application of.

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Importantly, the implementation of arbitrary thresholds e. Although the severity of gingivitis is less intense in children than in adults Mackler and Crawford 12; Matsson and Goldberg 14, periodontitis may occur in children and adolescents Albandar, et al.

GI 2 — Moderate gingivitis with a wider band of inflammation and bleeding adn probing. Two X-rays from molar region bitewing and two from the anterior region periapical were taken from each subject to assess the distance from the cementoenamel junction to the alveolar bone ane CEJ-ABC distance. No bleeding on probing. Familial aggregation of periodontal indices. However, very few studies correlated the clinical variables in pairs of mother and their children with mixed dentition, with reported habits.

Periodontitis will usually be present. Plaque development and gingivitis in the primary dentition. The mothers’ plaque indexes increased with age and decreased when they flossed everyday and when they had a job. A Dutch study pointed out that a quarter of 12 years-old children were not supervised in their oral home care Petersen 20 From the statistical analyses Pearson correlation test, student test and Covariance analysisit was possible to conclude that there was a greater correlation between the plaque and gingival indexes in the mothers’ group than in the children’s group.

A five year longitudinal study of the gingival conditions of a group of children in England.

ORAL ATP – Gingivitis and Plaque Grading

The role of dental plaque as the primary etiologic agent in gingivitis has been demonstrated in classic studies of experimental gingivitis in adults Theilade, et al. Although the gingival index and sulcus bleeding index have been widely used as indicators of periodontal status, there is some disagreement among investigators as to their meaning and significance.


June 21, – Accepted: These findings siless in agreement with Matsson and Goldberg 15 who reported less gingival inflammation in children than in adults in the presence of similar amounts of plaque accumulation, indicating a difference in the pathogenic potential of dental plaque or in the host response. The reported behavioral and social factors were correlated to plaque and gingival indexes of children and their mothers.

The Gingival Index, the Plaque Index and the Retention Index Systems.

There were 4 distinct styles employed by these experienced clinicians. Transmission of oral Prevotella melanonogenica between a mother and her young child. Also, bone loss and plaque and gingival indexes in the children did not show any correlation. Total gingival gingiival was decreased with an increase in frequency of children’s tooth brushing and when their mothers declared they are used to flossing everyday.

Self-esteem as a predictor of tooth brushing behavior in young adolescents. All the contents of this journal, except where otherwise noted, is licensed under a Ginhival Commons Silnness License. No significant correlation between plaque and gingival indexes could be found between the pairs.

Bull World Health Organ. The composition of subgengival microflora in two groups of children with and without primary dentition alveolar bone loss. Plaque and gingivitis in the deciduous and permanent dentition.

PI 3 — Plaque covering greater than two-thirds of the buccal tooth surface. Show Summary Details Overview gingival index. PI 2 — Plaque covering between one- and two-thirds of the buccal tooth surface. Please review our privacy policy. Five to 7 days after the group 2 prophylaxis, all subjects were examined for GI.

Effect of increased community and professional awareness of plaque control on the management of inflammatory periodontal diseases. The calculus index refers to the amount of calculus on a tooth. Sign in via your Institution. A clinical study was undertaken to monitor the occurrence of gingival bleeding, gingivxl, and change in colour in subjects with and without periodontal disease, and it was found that the combinations of these clinical symptoms often did not correspond exactly with an index score.


Lack of effect of oral hygiene training on periodontal disease progression over three years in adolescents.

A prospective single-center, examiner-blind study comparing the effects of a staggered prophylaxis on gingivitis was then conducted, where a difference in gingivitis was created between two balanced groups by providing subjects a prophylaxis at two staggered time points. Only 3 subjects in the mothers group presented distances values higher than 5mm. Information about medical and dental history of each subject was obtained during the anamnesis.

J Clin Periodontol snd Mother’s and child’s plaque and gingival indexes were recorded during clinical examination. Significant correlations between plaque and gingival indexes were found in both groups.

A lower total plaque index in the group of children was demonstrated when the mothers helped the children to brush their teeth. The study group was formed by thirty pairs of mothers 29 to 49 years old, mean Correlation analysis between plaque and gingival indexes in the group of children C and in the group of mothers M are shown in Table 2.

Sign in to annotate. Support Center Support Center. A method was developed to mathematically relate the average GI score and degree of bleeding observed for a subject.

Periodontal ginvival in children have been a subject of researches for decades Bimstein and Ebersole 4; Matsson 13; Matsson and Goldberg 14; Parfit 17; Peretz, et al. Growth and development considerations in the diagnosis of gingivitis and periodontitis in children.