With this influential study, French historian Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges initiated a new approach to Greek and Roman city organization. Fustel de. The ancient city: a study on the religion, laws and institutions of by Fustel de Coulanges, Topics Cities and towns, Ancient. Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges: Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges, French Apart from La Cité antique (; “The Ancient City”), a study of the part played.

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A fire was kept and rituals developed to support these dead ancestors in a literal ce. This process was long and may have been bloody. Newer Post Older Post Home. If it tells us to obey, we obey; if it traces duties for us, we submit.

Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges French: This happened when cities were formed. Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean and the…. We welcome suggested improvements to any of our articles. It is human, and we believe it a god. Historiography, the writing of history, especially the writing of history based on the critical examination of sources, the fusyel of particular details coullanges the authentic materials in those sources, and the synthesis of those details into a narrative that stands the test of critical….

As the city no longer held sway over religious life of people, this allowed Rome to expand outside of Italy. Wise words for those impatient and eager.

This religion went through a series of revolutions. Must have been mind boggling to those who took time to think about it.

Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. It is the effect of our power, and it is stronger than we are. When people think of the Romans and the Greeks, the Gods which come to mind are Zeus and Jupiter, etc. Internet URLs are the best. Unfortunately, our editorial approach may not be able to accommodate all contributions.


You may find it helpful to search within the site to see how similar coulamges related subjects are covered.

Bashar al-Assad, faced an unprecedented challenge to its…. Homage was paid to it every day. If you prefer to suggest your own revision of the article, you can go to edit mode requires login. And the Greek historian Polybius, writing in the 2nd century bceobserved elements of civil religion in his study of the Roman constitution. But as time passed, gods of nature, the powers of nature came about.

His minute knowledge of the language of the Greek and Roman institutions, coupled with his low estimate of the conclusions of contemporary scholars, led him to go directly to the original texts, which he read without political or religious bias.

When he revised the book inhis modifications were very slight, and it is conceivable that, had he recast it, as he often expressed the desire to do in the last years of his life, he would not have abandoned any part of his fundamental thesis.

But democracy took a more gentle form in Rome. At the bottom of the article, feel free to list any sources that support your changes, so that we can fully understand their context. You can make it easier for us to review and, hopefully, publish your contribution by keeping a few points in mind.

Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges – Wikipedia

Much the same revolution was experienced by all the cities of the Mediterranean, except one- Rome. When, however, he had succeeded in extracting from the sources a general idea that seemed to him clear and simple, he attached himself to it as if to the truth itself.

In his section on Christianity, Fustel seems too general and coulanfes looses strength in the face of events in history.

Fustel, however, was no paleographer, and his fondness for manuscript sources was occasionally responsible for major errors of judgment. Fustel mentions something which I find so curious.

The Ancient City

By this literary merit Fustel set little store, but he clung tenaciously to his theories. Family religion existed first. His life was devoted almost entirely to his teaching and his books. It is in us; it does not quit us: There were other people besides those who worshiped ancestors. Each family had its book of family prayers. History does not study material facts and institutions alone; its true object of study is the human mind: Fustel seems to suggest that humans first contemplated the death of a family member and then later looked at the physical forces of nature and derived the gods.


It consisted of Greek, legend has it Trojan and Etruscan and native Italian. Fustel then explains that the sacred fire required that the family never die out.

Historically and culturally among the most important nations in ancieng Western world, France has also played a couoanges significant role in international affairs, with former colonies in every corner of the globe. The French historian Numa Denis Fustel de Coulanges identified forms of civil religion in the foundations of the ancient city-states of Greece and Rome.

But, in France at least, these critics were the first to render justice to his learning, his talents and his disinterestedness. These would have been people who came from yhe areas; had been excluded from their family. In return these ancestors protected the family and stood by the family through thick and thin.

His insistence on the use of contemporary documents led to the very full use of the French national archives in the 19th century. Thus each family had its own religion, completely distinct from the religion of any other family and groups of families had a common religion based on the religion of powers in nature.

Posted by Bill Prueter at 5: Fustel wrote before any serious excavations at Pompeii.