The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) designed to be a comprehensive assessment of physical. The FAAM is a self-report measure that assesses physical function of individuals with lower leg, foot, and ankle Patient Reported Outcomes. The Foot and Ankle Ability Measure (FAAM) is a region-specific, non–disease- specific outcome instrument that possesses many of the clinimetric qualities.

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Foot and Ankle Ability Measure

Validation of the Foot and Ankle Outcome Keasure for ankle ligament reconstruction. Arch Phys Med Rehabil. The International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health model can be used to define item content.

Support Center Support Center. Junge et al 1 fama that lateral ankle sprains occur more frequently than any other musculoskeletal injury in sports. However, in the CAI group, 4 athletes rated their ankles as normal ; 10, as nearly normal ; outcoje, as abnormal ; and 0, as severely abnormal. The stability of a score ougcome repeated measurements over time is defined as test-retest reliability. Procedures Each potential participant completed the screening questionnaire and provided a medical history.

The study was approved by the university’s Institutional Review Board. Because athletes in this group had not sustained lateral ankle sprains, they were not specifically questioned about episodes of giving way, weakness, or swelling.

Construct validity While evidence for content relates directly to what the items measure, evidence for construct validity assesses how the scores on the instrument measude to other measures of outcpme construct. Although Hale and Hertel 16 identified the FADI as sensitive to change in recreationally active participants with CAI, they did not provide specific data related to the minimal detectable change and the minimal clinically important difference. Test retest reliability was 0.

Main Outcome Measure s: In fact, the relationship between the ADL fawm score and global rating of function was no longer significant when the healthy group was removed. This value is then multiplied by to get a percentage. Kirshner B, Guyatt G. Final item reduction was completed using item response theory with subjects. We used separate, independent t tests to determine whether differences existed in FAAM subscale scores between healthy and CAI groups and between volunteers who indicated a normal versus an abnormal categorical rating of function overall.


There is no taam accepted instrument that can be used to evaluate changes in self-reported physical function for individuals with leg, ankle, and foot musculoskeletal disorders. Relationships were stronger when all athletes, rather than just those with CAI, were included in the analyses. Therefore, although they may score high on the ADL items of the FAAM, they may rate global function lower because of their limitation in sports.

Content validity The specific items on the instrument and what they measure determine the evidence that is based on content.

F, Van Swearingen J. Results All athletes in the healthy group and 4 athletes in the CAI group categorically rated their ankles as normal. The clinimetric qualities of patient-assessed instruments for measuring chronic ankle instability: Item score totals, which range from 0 to 84 for the ADL subscale and from 0 to 32 for the sports subscale, are transformed to percentage scores.

The score on each of the items are added together to get the item score total. The content on or accessible through Physiopedia is for informational purposes only. fqam

Validity of the Foot and Ankle Ability Measure in Athletes With Chronic Ankle Instability

Balance training for persons with functionally unstable ankles. These data imply that, while these athletes categorically identified their ankles as normalthis clearly was not the case.

Subjective information from self-reported outcome instruments can provide valuable information for clinicians treating measurre with ankle instability. The screening questionnaire consisted of 19 questions related to frequency and severity of previous ankle sprains.

The effect of recurrent ankle inversion sprain and taping on proprioception at the ankle. The FAAM is a reliable, responsive, and valid measure of physical function for individuals with a broad range of musculoskeletal disorders of the lower leg, foot, and ankle. The final version of the FAAM consists of the item activities of daily living Measkre and 8-item Sports subscales, which together produced information across the spectrum ability.


The minimal clinically important differences were 8 and 9 points for the ADL and Sports subscales, respectively. Evidence for content validity, construct validity, reliability, and responsiveness was obtained among subjects who were separated into a group expected to change and a group expected to remain stable.

When refering to evidence in academic writing, you should always try to reference the primary original source. Guyatt responsive index and ROC analysis found the ADL subscale was more responsive than general measures of physical function while the Sports outcomw was not.

This self-report outcome instrument is available in English, German, French and Persian.

Long term outcomes of inversion ankle injuries. The score on each item are added together to get the item score total. The sports subscale may be particularly useful when addressing the limitations of athletes with CAI. Drouin, PhD, ATC, contributed to acquisition and analysis and interpretation of the data and critical revision and final approval of the article.

If the subject answers all 8 items the highest potential score is 32, if one item is not answered the highest measude score is 28, if two are not answered the highest potential score is 24, etc. Additionally, this study was designed to provide validity evidence for measyre of FAAM scores.

This value is multiplied by to get a percentage. Following screening, each participant completed the self-reported outcome instrument, which included the FAAM, 2 global ratings of function, and 1 overall categorical rating of function. Information acquired from an evaluative instrument is useful only if evidence is available to support the interpretation of scores obtained in the faqm population in which the instrument is intended to be used.

Because only 1 athlete outcone that the ankle was abnormaldata from the nearly normal and abnormal groups were pooled.