Ephedra is a genus of gymnosperm shrubs, the only genus in its family, Ephedraceae, and Ephedra chilensis – Chile, Argentina; Ephedra compacta Rose – widespread in much of Mexico; Ephedra coryi – Cory’s Ephedra. An Ephedra chilensis in uska species han Plantae in nahilalakip ha divisio nga An Ephedra chilensis in nahilalakip ha genus nga Ephedra, ngan familia nga. Andean Joint Fir Pingo Pingo as the locals in Ecuador call it. Native to gravelly slopes in the Andes this went through 9F unprotected in 4 pots the winter of

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Ephedra chilensis – Wikispecies

This page was last edited on 17 Decemberat Date 21 July Specimens in Palmengarten Frankfurt Ephedra chilensis. Views View Edit History. Views Read Edit View history. Alkaloids obtained from the species of Ephedra used in herbal medicines, which are used to synthetically prepare pseudoephedrine and ephedrine, can cause cardiovascular events. For the use of the plant in medicine, see Ephedra. Ephedra is a genus of gymnosperm shrubsthe only genus in its family, Ephedraceaeand order, Ephedrales.

Ephedra nevadensis Nevada Mormon tea have not been systematically assayed; based on unpublished field investigations, they contain very low levels less than dhilensis. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy.

This article is about the genus Ephedra. Retrieved from ” https: Retrieved from ” https: From Wikimedia Commons, the free media repository. Permission Ephwdra this file. Chaetocladus Nelson nom.

The various species of Ephedra are widespread in many lands, native to southwestern North Americasouthern Europenorthern Africasouthwest and central Asianorthern China and western South America. These compounds are sympathomimetics with stimulant and decongestant qualities and are chemically substituted amphetamines. Pollen of Ephedra spp. Cholensis and isomers were already isolated in from Ephedra dystachia and characterized by the Japanese organic chemist Nagai Nagayoshi of the 19th century.


In temperate climatesmost Ephedra species grow on shores or in sandy soils with direct sun exposure. Chilesnis fragilis in Mallorca.

File:Ephedra chilensis kz01.jpg

Botanical specimen in the Palmengarten, Frankfurt am Main, Germany. Plants of the genus Ephedraincluding E.

The Alchemy of Culture. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. His work to access Ephedra drug materials to isolate a pure pharmaceutical substance, and the systematic production of semi-synthetic derivatives thereof is relevant still today as the three species Ephedra sinicaEphedra vulgaris and to a lesser extent Ephedra equisetina are commercially grown in Mainland China as a source for natural ephedrines and isomers for use in pharmacy.

Pettitt has stated that “[a] recent examination of the chipensis from the strata into which the grave was cut suggests that the pollen was deposited by the burrowing rodent Meriones persicuswhich is common in the Shanidar microfauna and whose burrowing activity can be observed today”.

If the file has been modified from its original state, some details such as the timestamp may not fully reflect those of the original file. Birkhauser Verlag, Basel; Switzerland, pp. The following other wikis use this file: The Chinese name for Ephedra species is mahuang simplified Chinese: Retrieved 20 January This file is made available under the Creative Commons CC0 1. You can copy, modify, distribute and perform the work, even for commercial purposes, all without asking permission.

Chemistry and PharmacologyVol. Ephedra is also sometimes called sea grape from the French raisin de mera common name for the flowering plant Coccoloba uvifera. Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ephedraceae. Gymnosperm genera Ephedraceae Medicinal plants Plants used in traditional Chinese medicine Extant Early Cretaceous first appearances Aptian genus first appearances. This page was last edited on 18 Decemberat This file contains additional information such as Exif metadata which may have been added by the digital camera, scanner, or software program used to create or digitize it.


Reliable information on the total alkaloid content of the crude drug is difficult to obtain. For a review of the alkaloid distribution in different species of the genus Ephedra see Jian-fang Cui These events have been associated with arrhythmias, palpitations, tachycardia and myocardial infarction.

Common names in English include joint-pinejointfirMormon-tea or Brigham tea. The timestamp is only as accurate as the clock in the camera, and it may be completely wrong. Earliest uses of Ephedra spp. Uses authors parameter Articles with ‘species’ microformats Articles containing simplified Chinese-language text Articles containing traditional Chinese-language text Articles containing French-language text All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from December All accuracy disputes Articles with disputed statements from December Commons category link is locally defined.

Caffeine consumption in combination with ephedrine has been reported to increase the risk of these cardiovascular events. The person who associated a work with this deed has dedicated the work to the public domain by waiving all of his or her rights to the work worldwide under copyright law, including all related and neighboring rights, to the extent allowed by law.