EO 12356 PDF

This explanation of the development of E.O. originally appeared as an appendix to Annual Report to the President FY (Washington, D.C., ) by . The new National Security Information Executive Order issued by President Reagan on April 2, E.O. , includes a number of changes to Executive Order . Shortly after President Ronald Reagan issued E.O. on April 2, , general and of E.O. in particular with a view to reform

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Classified National Security Information. National Archives and Records Administration, Vol. Due to the lapse in appropriations, Department of Justice websites will not be regularly updated. No such application of the “identifiable damage” concept was intended, and yet each such assertion in court required a full explanation and response, thereby increasing the increasing the Government’s litigative burden.

FOIA Update: Guest Article: An Overview of Executive Order | OIP | Department of Justice

The new order also removes the limits on the duration of classification. Written by Gerald A. Specific time limits are mentioned for different fo of information, but there is also the provision that information that still needs to be classified can stay classified. Certain specified individuals could 13256 the declassification date or event or establish a date for declassification review beyond six years, but generally no more than 20 years after original classification.

Retrieved from ” https: One other major change to E. Sniffen May 28, While these general requirements were present in the previous order, two changes have been made to improve the Government’s ability to protect sensitive information.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For example, under the order that is being replaced, classification activity increased approximately ten percent between FY ’79 and FY ’80, largely because of the Iranian hostage crisis. The second change to the requirements for classification is the addition of several subject matter categories of information e. Of the systemic variables that do affect the number of classification decisions, the most relevant are the number of persons authorized to classify information and the quality of program oversight.


It supersedes Executive Order No. National Archives and Records Administration, 5 January Tampa Bay Times PolitiFact.

Executive Order – Wikipedia

The new order, 47 Fed. This unintended burden will be eliminated by the new order.

Both the new order and the President’s statement that accompanied it recognize that it is essential for American citizens to be informed about their Government’s activities. Of course, declassification reviews will continue to be required whenever information is requested by any citizen under the mandatory review provisions of the order or the Freedom 1356 Information Act and, generally, will also occur through a systematic review after 30 years.

FOIA Update: Guest Article: An Overview of Executive Order 12356

This order keeps the number of classifiers at its present total of approximately 7, persons worldwide, down percent from just a decade ago, and retains the requirements for effective internal and external monitorship and training. That invitation significantly complicated the task of protecting legitimately classified information in court and added no countervailing benefit to the public because no court has ever ep information released under the balancing test.

However, some litigants have contended that this language requires that the damage be of a particular type or degree in order to justify classification. First, the individual classifying the document 1235 be authorized to do so.

Executive Order 13526

This page was last edited on 6 Novemberat Steven Garfinkel, director of the General Services Administration’s Information Security Oversight Office and the person responsible for monitoring compliance with the new order, says that the new order “keeps the lid on” the most important factors influencing the extent of classification: Mechanisms are outlined for periodic reevaluation of the need to classify information, even if the result of the evaluation is to keep the information classified.


This order prescribes a uniform system for classifying, safeguarding, and declassifying Obviously, that would be impossible in the case of an erroneous disclosure to the general public. In addition to foreign government information and the identity of a confidential foreign source, unauthorized disclosure of intelligence sources and methods is also now presumed to cause damage to the national security. The most important variable is not the particular information security system in place, but rather the status of world affairs.

Another change made by the new order is the addition of a requirement that, in cases of doubt as to classifiability or the proper level of classification, the information be considered classified or classified at the 12365 level pending a final determination within 30 days by an original classification authority.

In one lawsuit, for example, the plaintiff argued that disclosure of information identifying certain intelligence sources would not result in “identifiable” damage because the expected harm to these sources was merely speculative. In other projects Wikisource.

Such determinations must also be reported to the Information Security Oversight Office, which continues to have Government-wide oversight of the information security program under the new order.