ELECTRODYNAMIC WATTMETER PDF

The working principle of the Electrodynamometer Wattmeter is very simple disturbs the main magnetic field of the Electrodynamic Wattmeter. For example, in using an electrodynamic wattmeter on direct current, two readings are taken, the direction of current flow through the instrument being reversed. Dynamometer type wattmeter works on very simple principle and this principle We know that instantaneous torque in electrodynamic type.

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Thus it was concluded that the error due to magnetic impurities would be negligible with rated current through the fixed coils.

For each sample, wtatmeter voltage is multiplied by the current at the same instant; the average over at least one cycle is the real power. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The damping vane, IK in. This tension is adjusted to about g, but the wattmeter performance is not greatly affected by changes in this value. Average capacitance between two of the four fixed coils, 0. They are also used in industries to check the power rating and consumption of electrical appliances.

Mutual inductance between any two of the four fixed coils, 85 juh. A Kelvin voltmeter of the multicellular electrostatic type was used to measure the voltage across the wattmeter voltage circuit, because the deflection of this type of voltmeter is independent of frequency over a wide range.

Scale There is uniform scale which is used in dattmeter types of instrument as moving coil moves linearly over a range of 40 degrees to 50 degrees on either side. Direct-current accuracy 2. For convenience in discussing the phase defect, the two components are added and this total phase defect is treated as if electrodynamix were a phase displacement between the moving-coil current and the wattmeter supply voltage; a positive value of r w indicates that the moving-coil current lea ds the supply voltage.

The direct current was adjusted until the watt- meter reading was equal to the average of the two readings obtained Journal of Research of the National Bureau of Standards [va. The other end of the series circuit is brought out to a binding post on the mahogany frame electrodynamuc the hinged panel.

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Full text of “Standard electrodynamic wattmeter and ac-dc transfer instrument”

A schematic diagram of the location and interconnection of the shields used in the instrument is shown in figure 5.

If they are not at the position of zero mutual, there will be an emf induced in them and a current will flow when their terminals are shorted, causing a deflection towards the position of zero mutual. Diode detectors are either directly connected to the source, or used with a sampling system that diverts only a portion of the RF power through the detector. Details of design and construction a Supporting framework b Fixed coils c Moving system d Preliminary tests e Series resistor f Shielding g Wattmeter constants 1 Fixed coils 2 Moving system III.

These current ratings are conservative on a self-heating basis and might be exceeded by moder- ate amounts with some sacrifice in accuracy if necessary.

The sensitivity of the wattmeter can be derived from the following quantities: The result is a broadening of the reflected spot of light. Tests on the completed watt- meter showed that style B gave the better performance, and electeodynamic of this style are permanently mounted on the glass panels. Style B Figure 2. When the present wattmeter was first assembled, one of the tests consisted in e,ectrodynamic current through the fixed coils, the electrodynammic circuit being open, and noting the deflection of the moving system.

Hence the instantaneous value of torque can be written as Average value of deflecting torque can be obtained by integrating the instantaneous torque from limit 0 to T, where T is the time period of the cycle.

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The three effects causing the deflections noted above may now be considered as two: In addition the capacitance errors of the 1,ohm coils will be much less than the capacitance errors of 10,ohm coils. As evident, they are of extreme importance and extensive use in electrical related industries and like other measuring devices, are quite easy to use and accurate.

The difficulty of locating and removing the causes of this misalinement, and the consequent sticking, led to the conclusion that the framework of the new instru- ment should be made of materials less subject to warping than wood and which preferably allowed some degree of vision within the instru- ment. Mica capacitors were considered feasible for this work, and the largest capacitance which could be built up from all of the mica capacitors readily avail- able was about 10 fxi.

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ELECTRODYNAMIC WATTMETER

In the present instrument this inductance is compensated by a capacitor connected across a section of the series resistor. In constructing another instru- ment it might be desirable to make the holes even more conical de- liberately for this purpose. This plot shows that there is a range of 10 cm near the point of zero mutual within which the sensitivity is constant to within 0.

The “series resistance” consists of nine 1-ohm, electrodtnamic ohm, nine ohm, and nine 1,ohm coils connected to four step selector switches so that any resistance from zero to 9, ohms, elecyrodynamic 1-ohm steps, may be connected.

This was all about watt meters. It was found that these samples contained only very slight magnetic impurities in comparison with a sample of the Bakelite tube used in constructing the first moving watteter.

Sufficient space is left to allow a moving coil to be sus- pended in the center of each of the two fixed coils so formed. Since the primary wattneter are main- tained by means of d-c measurements, the determination of the corrections to be applied to the indications of a-c instruments must involve at some point the use of a secondary standard or trans- fer instrument.

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electrodynamic wattmeter

Digital electronic instruments measure many parameters and can be used where a wattmeter is needed: In order to obtain this current rating, the 1,ohm units are each made up of four 4,ohm windings mounted on separate electrodynamkc and connected in parallel. It was decided to design the resistor for a maximum current of 0. In this latter case instrument transformers must be used to extend the range of the transfer instrument.

By referring to the wiring diagram in figure 10 and using the nota- tion indicated on the diagram, two equations for the quantity measured by the wattmeter can be written. electrodynnamic

The arrangement of resistors and their electric connections designed to meet these requirements is shown in figure 5. Errors caused by vibration of moving system.

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