Digestive system consists of an alimentary canal and digestive glands. Alimentary Canal: The alimentary canal is a straight tube from mouth to anus. It is lined by. The lancelets, also known as amphioxi (singular, amphioxus), consist of about 32 species of fish-like marine. The common lancelet, Branchiostoma lanceolatum, has been recorded from the . The digestive system of Branchiostoma consists of an alimentary canal and.

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Digestive System of Branchiostoma (With Diagram) | Chordata | Zoology

The cilia present on the gill-bars beat to drive the water digestibe into the atrium and, thus, facilitate the inflow of fresh water current through the mouth. USA 79— For these reasons the echinoderms were formerly thought to hold the key of chordate origin and the structural similarities of Branchiostoma with the echinoderms were held to be due to inheritance from common ancestry. The hybridization experiment was performed in Netwell inserts Corning, We found that initial fixation including glutaraldehyde is insufficient to fix the phagocytic epithelial cells of the B.

The opening and closure of the mouth are regulated by muscle bands. At the sixty-four cell stage a conspicuous space is produced at the centre and this space becomes filled with a fluid.


Kinorhyncha mud dragons Priapulida penis worms. These cells digestove ciliated in the early stage and in the adult the outer margin of the cells become cuticularised.

Branchiostoma: Distribution, Structure and Systematic Position

Genomic complexity of the digestice region-containing chitin-binding proteins in amphioxus. Received Mar 11; Accepted May A new bolus is again formed and chewed and sent back to the rumen. Conserved noncoding elements in the most distant genera of cephalochordates: An endostyle is present in the ventral side of the pharynx.

The function of the notochord is to prevent shortening of the body length when the muscle fibres of the myotomes contract.

On the contrary Ruppert and Barnes say that the physiological significance of the nephridia is not known and the primary urine in the subchordal coelom is formed by the ultrafiltration of blood across the blood vessel and may then be directed into the tubule for the formation of final urine. Both primary and secondary gill-bars are covered on their external or outer surface by sparsely ciliated ectodermal or atrial epithelium, but on their inner, anterior and posterior surfaces by endodermal pharyngeal epithelium which is heavily ciliated.

The chordates include all of the Their genomes hold clues about evolutionparticularly oof vertebrates have employed old genes for new functions. A system of canals traverse through both the cutis and sub-cutis. The sub intestinal vein proceeds anteriorly as the hepatic portal vein.


These cirri are ciliated and also bear sensory papillae. The sinus venosus, ventral vessel, branchial bulbs, nephric glomerulae and sub-intestinal vein are contractile.

The lateral walls of the pharynx are perforated by more than pairs of gill-clefts which bear no gills. Besides, the existence of notochord in hemichordates has been questioned and the nervous system as a whole is built more on non-chordate fashion.

The first representative organism of the group to be described was Branchiostoma lanceolatum. The wall of the alimentary canal is non-ciliated.

Lancelet – Wikipedia

Hence, the front opening into the vestibule is a true mouth. Each gill-slit is divided by the developing amphioxxus which become connected by transverse connecting bars called synapticulate. The internal wall of the pharynx is ciliated. Retrieved 7 December Identification zmphioxus diversified genes that contain immunoglobulin-like variable regions in a protochordate.

Stomodeum invaginates from ectoderm of body covering breaks through Gastrulation in Macrolecithal eggs The feeding mechanism and larval similarities speak for a close relationship between Branchiostoma and Ascidians.