BPCS Steganography. The goal of steganography is to hide a message in plain sight. BPCS is a method to embed a message in an image by replacing all. Principle of BPCS-Steganography. (Bit-Plane Complexity Segmentation Based Embedding). (KIT-STEGROUP). BPCS-Steganography (Bit-Plane Complexity Segmentation Steganography) is a new steganographic technique invented by Eiji Kawaguchi.

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General feature of the complexity histogram of a “natural image” bit-plane An example is here.

BPCS-Steganography – Wikipedia

Retrieved 3 April Therefore, it is impossible for someone to steal it. Figure 1 illustrates a couple of PBC bit-planes of a true color image i. Steganlgraphy is also reported that we can replace each noise-looking region with another noise-looking patterns without changing the overall image quality. BPCS-Steganography makes use of this property. E Details of the vessel image file format e. The embedding operation in practice is to replace the “complex areas” on the bit planes of the vessel image with the confidential data.

How you can outwit steganalysis It is practically impossible to make a compatible program with some given BPCS-Steganography program even if the embedding and extracting operations look the same.

Steganography Steganography tools Steganographic file system Steganography detection. BPCS-Steganography and traditional image-based steganography The most traditional image-based steganographic algorithms are as follows.

This page was last edited on 4 Juneat Steganographic file system Steganography detection. In this case the data is passed through a [binary image conjugation transformation], in order to create a reciprocal complex representation. This is based on our security steganoraphy. It protects the original data from alteration. Utilize the quantization error of the vessel image for a place to hide secret data However, all these methods have a relatively small data hiding capacity.


We intended to release this program for academic evaluation use.

An image data not having this property will be an artificially processed data. Views Read Edit View history. It replaces complex areas on the bit-planes of the vessel image with other complex data patterns i.

So, the requirement and the objective of watermarking and steganography are very opposite even if they belong to the same information hiding technique. The external data is just a dummy. As far as the bit-planes of a natural image are concerned, complexity [2] of each bit-plane pattern increases monotonically from the MSB P 1 to the LSB P n. Digital steganography can hide confidential data i. Bit-Plane Decomposition of a Multi-Valued Image A multi-valued image P consisting of n-bit pixels can be decomposed into a set of n steganogrsphy pictures.

A shape-informative region consists of simple patterns, while a noise-looking region consists of complex patterns [3].


It is reported that two regions can be segmented by using a “black-and-white boarder length” based complexity measure [3][4][6]. When you want to implement your steganogrxphy BPCS-Steganography program, you need to tackle varieties of detailed algorithm before you start working on it.

References [1] Eiji Kawaguchi, et al: Such topics include, but not all, the followings. Watermarking and Steganography Watermarking is a technique to embed some symbol data or evidence data in some valuable data such as an image, voice, music, video clip, etc.


The most important feature is a large embedding capacity. How the complexity histogram changes after the embedding operation.

But, the embedded data can be fragile rather than robust. Most of the LSB planes look like random pattern.

It should be better destroyed by attacking than robust enough to stay long. If you are not a researcher, but are very much interested in knowing stetanography a steganography program is, then you can also download and use it for try.

Details of the vessel image file format e. An illustration is here. This is because the embedded data is secret.

Invitation to BPCS-Steganography

An issue arises where the data to be embedded appears visually as simple information, if this simple information replaces the complex information in the original image it may create spurious ‘real image information’. Complexity histograms of a non-compressed and a compressed file in general See some examples. Graphical User Interface knowledge to make a “user-friendly” program.

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P R4 is mixed with both shape-informative and noise-looking regions. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from April