Descriptions and articles about the Chard, scientifically known as Beta vulgaris var. cicla in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Ecology; Associations; Wiki. Beta vulgaris var. cicla Linn. 厚įšŪ菜. Description from Flora of China. Root branched, not tuberlike. The leaves are used as a vegetable (spinach beet, Swiss . EPPO code: BEAVV; Preferred name: Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris var. cicla; Authority: (Linnaeus) Arcangeli. Notes. Beet cultivated as a.

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Chard cocla be harvested while the leaves are young and tender, or after maturity when they are larger and have slightly tougher stems. Beets are one of the most boron -intensive of modern crops, a dependency possibly introduced as an evolutionary response its pre-industrial ancestor ‘s constant exposure to sea spray ; on commercial farms, a 60 tonne per hectare As descendants of coastal plants, they tolerate salty soils and drought.

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Beta vulgaris subsp. vulgaris

Views Read Edit View history. Jews traditionally eat beet on Rosh Hashana New Year. Beta vulgaris belongs to the subfamily Betoideae in family Amaranthaceae s. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.

Views Read Edit View history. Other pigments contained in beet are indicaxanthin and vulgaxanthins yellow to orange pigments known as betaxanthins. The origin of the adjective “Swiss” is unclear, since the Mediterranean plant is not native to Switzerland. The roots and leaves of the beet have been used in vulbaris medicine to treat a wide variety of ailments. The Silesian sugar beet was soon introduced to France where Napoleon opened schools specifically for studying the plant.


Zohary and Hopf note that beetroot is “linguistically well identified. The sea beetthe ancestor of modern cultivated beets, prospered along the coast of the Mediterranean Sea.

Beta vulgaris var. cicla in Chinese Plant Names @

There va 18 chromosomes found in 2 sets, which makes beets diploid. In the second edition of “Species Plantarum”Linnaeus separated the sea beet as its own species, Beta maritimaand left only the cultivated beets in Beta vulgaris. In the cultivars of the Flavescens-Group, the leaf stalks are large and often prepared separately from the leaf blade. Retrieved 21 May Retrieved 19 January In some parts of Africa, the whole leaf blades are usually prepared with the midribs as one dish.

Researchers have not yet answered whether vulbaris produce geosmin vulgris or whether it is produced by symbiotic soil microbes living in the plant. The usually deep-red roots of garden beet can be baked, boiled, or steamed, and often served hot as a cooked vegetable or cold as a salad vegetable.

Beetroot remains have been excavated in the Third dynasty Saqqara pyramid at Thebes, Egyptand four charred beetroots were found in the Neolithic site of Aartswoud in the Vulgarjs though it has not been determined whether these were domesticated or wild forms of B. Fresh young chard can be used raw in salads.

Chard (Beta vulgaris var. cicla) – World Vegetable Center

Chard or Swiss chard Beta vulgaris subsp. Moritz Baron von Koppy and his dicla further selected from this race for white, conical tubers. Modern vae beets date back to midth century Silesia where the king of Prussia subsidised experiments aimed at processes for sugar extraction. Chard is one of the hardier leafy greens, with a harvest season typically lasting longer than kalespinach or baby greens.


Chard is a biennial. In the Northern Hemisphere, chard is typically ready to harvest as early as April and lasts through May. The stems grow erect vulgxris, in the wild forms, often procumbent; they are simple or branched in the upper vulbaris, [3] and their surface is ribbed and striate.

Koch Cicla GroupB. Missouri Botanical Garden, St. The flowers are produced in dense spike-like, basally interrupted inflorescences. The “earthy” taste of some beetroot cultivars comes from the presence of geosmin.

Archived from the original e-book on In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Spinach beet leaves are eaten as a pot herb.

Journal of the American Dietetic Association. Chenopodiaceae pro parte majore. All cultivars fall into the subspecies Beta vulgaris subsp.

Archived from the original E-book on A large proportion of the commercial production is processed into boiled and sterilised beets or into pickles. Fresh beets, nature’s jewels for the table”.

Cultivars with large, brightly coloured leaves are grown for decorative purposes. Chard is also known by many common namessuch as Swiss chardsilver beet vulgadis, perpetual spinachbeet spinachseakale beetor leaf beet. Betaine and betalaintwo phytochemical compounds prevalent in Beta vulgarisare under basic research for their potential biological properties. Cornell Garden Based Learning.