Berchemia discolor is a shrub or a tree m high; with a straight bole; rough, dark grey bark that flakes longitudinally; dense, rounded crown; slash yellow. Berchemia discolor. Authority, Hemsl. Family, Magnoliopsida:Rosidae: Rhamnales:Rhamnaceae. Synonyms. Common names. Editor. Ecocrop code, Widespread from Yemen, Somalia and Eritrea to South Africa in semi-arid bushland, wooded grassland as well as riverine vegetation, 0–1,
|Published (Last):||26 November 2007|
|PDF File Size:||14.72 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||2.81 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Associated indigenous knowledge and implications to food security. A Method of Manual.
Tairo has indicated the importance of B. Indigenous people perception on plant uses and threats: This article does not cite any sources. They adapt partly to food shortage by using natural resources. Berchemia discolor is also used medicinally for various ailments. Mothogoane National Herbarium, Pretoria February Average pooled summary of values of B. Wild food plants contribute more than nutrients; for many people and ethnic groups, the use of wild foods is a source of cultural identity, reflecting a deep and important body of knowledge about the environment, survival and sustainable living known widely as traditional ecological knowledge Balemie and Kebebew, Berchemia discolor is perceived to be of high nutrition value but its berchmia is not well promoted by the formal production system.
Some were acid, or high in tannins or even mildly toxic until very ripe. Berchemia discolor Rhamnaceae Indigenous.
The major habitats for B. Hence, there is an bwrchemia tendency to conserve it in situ and ex situ. Mineral elements and phosphorus were determined in dry matter basis. Debela Hunde Feyssa, J.
However, the potential nutritional contribution of wild fruits to the people diets remains largely underutilized. The flowers are borne in small clusters in the leaf axils and greenish yellow in colour. The conversion factors are for physiological energy, which is the energy value remaining after losses due to digestion and metabolism and deducted from gross energy USDA, where one kcal equals 4.
Therefore, the focus of this study was to identify the use and management of Berchemia discolor and quantify the nutrient content and analyse implications to food security in drylands. University of Pennslvania African Studies Center.
The richness and diversity of wild foods, their contributions to local economies and their diverse modes of preparation are emphasized. Determination is by a modification of the vanillin method of Ranganna and Broadhurst and Joneswhich utilizes the formation of coloured complexes between vanillin and condensed tannins and Catechin is used for the standard and results are expressed as catechin-equivalents. Interaction effect of B.
The bark and leaves are used medicinally for various ailments, such as treating wounds and many more. Most fruit are relatively poor sources of vitamins other than vitamin C and vitamin A and minerals other than potassiumbut fruit, along with leaves and roots, are most important for supplying protectant phytochemicals and ascorbic acid vitamin C Berchemia discolor is among indigenous species of social and economic importance which include food from fruit of the trees.
Berchemia – Wikipedia
The mineral elements comprising sodium, calcium, potassium, magnesium, iron, zinc and phosphorus were determined according to the method of Shahidi et al. The comparative analysis demonstrated that wild fruits have high potential as sources of vital nutrients especially for children who are prone to malnutrition and who are the key fruit collectors.
Field guide to trees of southern Africa. Bwrchemia occurs naturally in low-altitude bushveld, usually on river banks. Login to add your Comment Not registered yet? Preference ranking across land uses indicated that both transhumance and settled farmers have berche,ia similar preference for fruits of B. Prior to undertaking laboratory nutrient analysis on fruit sample, the species was identified through Focus Group Discussions FGDsinterview and field observations as described by Martin and Cotton weather people use the fruits for food and other multiple uses were recorded October, to September, in the study transects.
This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions. The multiple uses of Discoloe. The sample calorific value was calculated in kcal by multiplying the percentages of carbohydrate, proteins and crude lipid of fruits by factors 4, 4 and 9, respectively as used by FAO, RangannaUSDAAsibey-Berko and Tayie and AOAC The dried fruits and seeds were cooled in a desiccator and weighed.
The wood, which is yellow-brown, hard and attractive, is suitable for furniture and sticks. Therefore it can significantly contribute to human nutrition and ecosystem services to enhance human wellbeing. In other projects Wikimedia Commons Wikispecies. Leave this field blank. After the extraction, the thimble was removed from the Soxhlet apparatus and the apparatus reassembled and heated over water bath for solvent recovery.
Crude protein was computed from sample percentage nitrogen content as determined by the Kjeldahl procedure, multiplied by a factor 6. Wild edible fruits of importance for human nutrition in semiarid parts of east Shewa zone, Ethiopia: Crude fiber was berchfmia by acid-base digestion known as Coarse Fiber Analyzer, with 1. In Ethiopia it grows in dry open woodland or along river valleys at lower altitudes in Dry and Moist Kolla agroclimatic zones, commonly in Welo, Shoa, Gamo Gofa, Bale and Harerge, —1, m.
Neutraceutal wild plants of semiarid East Shewa, Ethiopia: