Donor challenge: Your generous donation will be matched 2-to-1 right now. Your $5 becomes $15! Dear Internet Archive Supporter,. I ask only. Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten was a German philosopher. He was a brother to theologian Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten. For scholars of Kant, the German Enlightenment and the history of metaphysics, Alexander Baumgarten’s Metaphysics is an essential.

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It is a very welcome addition to the primary sources available baumgagten scholars. A History of Philosophyvol. Some restrictions may apply to use of individual images which are separately licensed.

Available for the first time in English, this critical translation draws from the original seven Latin editions and Georg Friedrich Meier’s 18th-century German translation. The other alternative would be for the new aesthetic[s] to share the name with speculative philosophy.

Metaphysica – Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten – Google Books

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Natural theology Prolegomena ChapterI. The good is the perfect attained by the moral will. For Kant, an aesthetic judgment is subjective in that it relates to the internal feeling of pleasure or displeasure and not to any qualities in an external object. TheTranslation Alexander Baumgartens Metaphysics. In his most important work, Aesthetica —58he sets forth the difference between a moral and exclusively aesthetic….

His brother, Siegmund Jakob Baumgarten, was an influential Wolffian theologian. This lucid translation finally makes Baumgarten’s seminal work available in English. This volume offers the first full translation of Baumgarten’s Metaphysics in its fourth, edition in English, inclusive of Kant’s hand-written elucidations.

On approval, you will either be sent the print copy of the book, or you will receive a further email containing the link to allow you to download your eBook. While the meanings of words often change as a result of cultural developments, Baumgarten’s reappraisal of aesthetics is often seen as a key moment in the development of aesthetic philosophy.


Please note that we currently support the following browsers: There was a problem with your submission. To assist and support the reading of this crucial text, the translation features: Ontology Prologomena Chapter I. Kant’s Handwritten Notes to the Metaphysics 4. Together with a historical and philosophical introduction, extensive glossaries and notes, the text is supported by translations of Kant’s elucidations and notes, Eberhard’s insertions in the German edition and texts from the writings of Meier and Wolff.

Baumgarten appropriated the word aestheticswhich had always meant “sensation”, to mean taste or “sense” of beauty.

Certain pieces of art, he noted, have a way of making their content clear in perception in a way quite unlike the clarity of a mathematician’s definition. Critique of Pure ReasonA 1, note.


In the midth century, Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten created the discipline of aesthetics, giving it a place as a separate philosophical study, and in so doing, afforded new criteria for critical judgment. Only later was the term restricted to the discussion of beauty and of the nature of the fine arts.

Views Read Edit View history. Whatever the limitations of Baumgarten’s theory of aesthetics, Frederick Copleston credits him with playing a formative role in German aesthetics, extending Christian Wolff ‘s philosophy to topics that Wolff did not consider, and demonstrating the existence of a legitimate topic for philosophical analysis that could not be reduced to abstract logical analysis. We would then take the name partly in its transcendental meaning, and partly in the psychological meaning.

Because of this it is advisable to follow either of two alternatives. It is, rather, our judgment of taste which constitutes the proper test for the correctness of those rules or criteria. Today Baumgarten is also regarded as a central founder of modern aesthetics.


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The current state of debate makes this a timely contribution that will help anyone interested in Kant to gauge in a more accurate and historically informed bwumgarten the extent of his relation to his eighteenth-century German predecessors. Internet Explorer 9, 10 and 11; Chrome latest version, as it auto updates ; Firefox latest version, as it auto updates ; and Safari mstaphysica version, as it auto updates.

Please note that our editors may make some formatting changes or correct spelling or grammatical errors, and may also contact you if any clarifications are needed. Index tothe Paragraphs ofthe Metaphysics.

Baumgarten was a pupil of Christian Wolff, the Rationalist philosopher who had created the…. Both his parents died early, and he was taught by Martin Georg Christgau where he learned Hebrew and became interested in Latin poetry.

The word had been used differently since the time of the ancient Greeks to mean the ability to receive stimulation from one or more of bamugarten five bodily senses.

He was educated at an orphanage at Halle, which had been founded and run by August Hermann Francke and which was wholeheartedly devoted to the Pietist movement and had become one of its central institutions. This website uses cookies to improve user experience. By using our website you consent to all cookies in accordance with our Cookie Policy. The relative predicates of a being Part II: Truth is the perfect perceived by reason.