Goldsmith’s book Autosegmental and metrical phonology (AMP) has two major purposes. First of all, it is an introduction to autosegmental, metrical, and lexical. Bibliography: leaves by John A. Goldsmith. and later the development of autosegmental phonology which stressed the possibility. John Goldsmith autosegmental phonology, suggesting that the inherent geometry thesis on suprasegmental phonology, in which he argued that in some.

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One-to-many associations and spreading onto adjacent elements are characteristic of tone but not confined to it. Feature changes are shown by striking through the lines that connect a feature that is lost to the autisegmental of the segment and drawing dotted lines to features that are gained. Clear examples of the usefulness of autosegmental analysis came in early work from the detailed study of African tone languagesas well as the study of vowel and nasal harmony systems.

The rule is that a coronal nasal will assimilate to the place of the following consonant. The co-registration of elements or autosegments on one tier with those on another is represented by association lines.

The working hypothesis of autosegmental analysis is that a large part of phonological generalizations can be interpreted as a restructuring or reorganization of the autosegments phonooogy a representation. The autosegmental formalism departs from the depiction of segments as matrices of features in order to show segments as connected groups of individual features.

Environments can be shown by placing other connected sets of features around that which is the focus of the rule. Many of the most interesting predictions of the autosegmental model derive from the automatic effects of the Well-formedness Condition and their independence autosegmenhal language-particular rules.


The autosegmental formalism deals with several separate linear sequences; because of this, a phonological representation is depicted on several distinct tiers. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.

Autosegmental Phonology – John A. Goldsmith – Google Books

The autosegmental tier also “skeletal tier” contains the features that define the segments articulated in the phonological representation. Please subscribe or login to access full text content.

For questions on access or troubleshooting, please check our FAQsand if you can’t find the answer there, please contact us. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The stress tier contains the features that show the distribution of stress in the phonological representation. As a theory of phonological representation, autosegmental phonology developed a formal account of ideas that had been sketched in earlier work by several linguists, notably Bernard BlochCharles Hockett and J.

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Autosegmental phonology

Rather than classify segments using the categories given in the International Phonetic Alphabetthe autosegmental formalism makes use of distinctive features, which provide greater granularity and make identification of natural classes easier. Retrieved from ” https: Leben Department of Linguistics, Stanford University. The autosegmental framework captured this naturally, since a sequence of elements on one tier can be connected to a single element on another.


Extensions of the Autosegmental Model 4. March Learn how and when to remove this template message. But the single most compelling aspect of the early autosegmental model was a natural account of tone spreading, a very common process that was only awkwardly captured by rules of whatever sort. For example, a generic place feature can be indicated [ Each of these tiers shows a different language feature.

This article includes a list of referencesrelated reading or external linksbut its sources remain unclear because it lacks inline citations. Publications Pages Publications Pages. In the autosegmental formalism, this is depicted by placing the binary subfeature at a horizontal offset from the unary feature and connecting them with a line.

Later work modified many of the key properties of the autosegmental model.

Optimality Theory has led to a radical rethinking of autosegmental mapping, delinking, and spreading as they were formulated under the earlier derivational paradigm. There are situations in which the rule applies not to a particular value of a feature, but to whatever value the feature has.

Autosegmental Phonology – Oxford Research Encyclopedia of Linguistics

Autosegments were introduced by John Goldsmith in his M. In This Article 1. Don’t have an account? In the first decade of phomology development of the theory, G.