Anthracosis is black pigment discoloration of bronchi which can cause bronchial destruction and deformity (anthracofibro- sis). A prospective, case-control study. Comert et al., J Pulmonar Respirat Med , bronchoscopical findings of patients with bronchial anthracosis. Methods: Among I read the manuscript “Bronchial Anthracosis-Anthracofibrosis: Potential patients with anthracosis were included. J Pulmonar Respirat Med ; 2: 2.

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Estado combinado de antracosis y silicosis. The condition occurs in coal miners and is aggravated by cigarette smoking. The presenting signs and symptoms of the patients are shown in Table 1.

Some reports from Africa 28 and Latin America 2930 have indicated chronic respiratory disease induced by biomass smoke exposure.

Bronchial Anthracosis: A Potent Clue for Diagnosis of Pulmonary Tuberculosis

Later on, Wynn et al. Author pulmonaar Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Previous studies showed that by radiological investigations alone, bronchial anthracosis might be misdiagnosed as a lung cancer.

Furthermore, some investigators have antracoais to explain the pathophysiology of anthracosis, including bronchial narrowing, lymph node enlargement with or without calcification and susceptibility to TB and malignancy on the basis of biomass smoke inhalation 8. Mirsadraee M, Saeedi P. Submucosal gland hypertrophy, smooth muscle hyperplasia and alveolar destruction.

Mirsadraee M, Katebi M. This disease usually presents with a chronic course of dyspnea and or cough in an elderly non-smoker woman or man.

Anthracosis | definition of anthracosis by Medical dictionary

Frequency of tuberculosis in anthracosis of the lung: The patients were divided into two groups; a With pulmonary tuberculosis and b without pulmonary tuberculosis. Population attributable fraction of bronchial anthracosis due to smoke exposure while baking home-made bread in ground oven. Bronchial anthracofibrosis inflammatory bronchial stenosis with anthracotic pigmentation: Anthracofibrosis attributed to mixed mineral dust exposure: A usually asymptomatic form of pneumoconiosis caused by deposition of coal dust in the lungs [which] is present in most urban dwellers.


In patients with anthracosis, only 5 5.

This rate was 0. No et al Author information Article notes Copyright and License information Disclaimer. Endobronchial tuberculosis progressing to bronchial stenosis. All analyses were performed using SPSS Massive fibrosis of the lungs marked by shortness of breath from inhalation of carbon and quartz dusts.

Pearson and others believed that anthracosis was a complication of coal worker pneumoconiosis 6. Sigari et al As a whole, diffuse anthracosis is more prevalent than the localized form in just one lung. See also inorganic dust. amtracosis

Eur Respir J A total of patients underwent diagnostic bronchoscopy for pulmonary diseases. Loose body in the main bronchus due to broncholithiasis.

Qurbani M, Yunesian M. A questionnaire, consisting of personal and demographic data, occupational history, cigarette smoking, and clinical signs and symptoms, was filled out by all participants.


Serial fiberoptic bronchoscopy and natural history. Trend analysis indicated that there was an association between anthracosis and indoor smoke exposure due to traditional baking and anthracotic cases had more life span than antracsis smoke exposure.

As a routine practice, anthracosis may be erroneously diagnosed as TB, lung cancer, atelectasis or pneumonia 16 Generally, BAF subjects could be classified under obstructive lung disease, but some of them have shown normal or restrictive patterns Table 3. The reason for TB susceptibility has with wood smoke on the immune system have been postulated 8 Traditional bread baking has been considered as a known occupational risk factor for the development of bronchial anthracosis.


Computed tomography Computed tomography CT was more sensitive for anthracosis and showed more specific radiological findings Figure 5.

Table 3 Review of results of spirometry in pulmonnar subjects. Razi et al In case of a mass lesion in radiological findings, open lung biopsy, transthoracic lung biopsy or advanced bronchoscopic techniques may be necessary to rule out TB 72 or malignancy 43 Pneumonoconiosis from accumulation of carbon from inhaled smoke or coal dust in the lungs.

This article has been cited by other articles in PMC. The hypothesis about biomass as a causative factor for anthracosis is due to the resemblance of anthracotic pigments to carbon particles and the fact that most of the anthracotic subjects Comparison of samples obtained from bronchoscopy of patients with and without bronchial anthracosis for investigating the prevalence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis. Diagnosis of anthracosis was based on bronchoscopic findings as well as composition of the pigment in the lungs of patients.

The latter pneumoconiosis is often called anthracosilicosis particularly in continental Europebecause this pneumoconiosis has pupmonar considered to be caused predominantly by the silica content of coal dust.