Descriptions and articles about the Crow Killer, scientifically known as Anamirta cocculus in the Encyclopedia of Life. Includes Overview; Comprehensive Desc. Woody climbers. Leaves alternate, x cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole cm long. Flowers unisexual. Common name: Fish Berry, Indian berry, Levant nut • Hindi: काकमारी Kakamari • Kannada: chiplothi, chippula kaayi, chipula koll.

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Anamifta,Biodiversity Documentation for Kerala Part 6: Message The user has shared this species from India Biodiversity Portal with you. User specific search options User. Early Papers and Some Memories. Useful Plant Species with Toxic Substance.

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Fruit of drupes, 1 cm across, obliquely ovoid, gibbous, black, smooth; seeds 1, black, glabrous. In South-East Asia the fruit of A. Retrieved from ” https: The stem also contains oxypalmine and stepharine.

Fibre from the stem used to make ropes for house construction.

These data support the hypothesis that GABAergic mechanisms at different levels of the neuraxis exert opposite effects on cardiac vagal activity, and that GABAergic mechanisms in both the brainstem and forebrain inhibit the release of vasopressins into the systemic circulation. Its crushed seeds are an effective pediculicide anti- lice and are also traditionally used to stun fish or as a pesticide. Describes biorhythms – those states or conditions characterised by regular repetition in time, whether on the scale of seconds, hours, days, or seasons.


From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Search in all groups Search within this group. When used as a medicine the ripe fruits of A. In general, the alkaloids isolated from A. On the other hand, picrotoxinin specifically binds to the same barbiturate site, but blocks the opening of the chloride channel. The powdered fruit is used to treat acute barbiturate poisoning. In addition, the stem and roots contain only small amounts about 0.

The Alkaloids of Anamirta cocculus “. Journal of Natural Products. The fruits are an ingredient of many homeopathic formulations. The seed, when taken internally, is a powerful poison for all vertebrates affecting the central nervous system, stimulating the motor and inhibitory centres in the medulla, especially the respiratory and vagus centres, acting on the heart and respiration.

Picrotoxin is a crystalline equimolar mixture of 2 sesquiterpene dilactones, i.

Anamirta cocculus

It stimulates the central nervous system, particularly the medulla oblongata and respiratory centre. A general description, with any kind of information about the taxon. However, the safe therapeutic dose range is very narrow. Technology partner Strand Life Sciences. In the past the fruit was sometimes used fraudulently in the United Kingdom to flavour beers with its bitterness. Remember me Forgot password? Leaves alternate, x cm, broadly ovate, apex acute, base truncate, 5-ribbed, coriaceous; petiole cm long.

Upon ingestion of these pills the fish become stupefied and will float to the surface, after which the fish must be swiftly eviscerated.

Anamirta cocculus (PROSEA) – PlantUse English

Its fruit is the source of picrotoxina poisonous compound with stimulant properties. At receptor level, the GABA receptor is a complex, membrane-bound glycoprotein, operating a chloride-ion channel. Dried fruits of A.


Breathing and the pulse become weak. However, benefits to ecosystems not specific to humans are best treated under Risk statement what happens when the organism is removed.

Views Read Edit View history. In any event, the source must be explicitly quoted. See Terms of Use for details. The resulting paste is made into pellets used as fish bait.

It prefers a seasonal climate. The seeds are also externally applied to kill head lice. In India, the fruits and seeds are made into an ointment for external application to treat skin diseases.

Seasonal migration and reproduction are usually treated separately. Powered by the open source Biodiversity Informatics Platform. On the other hand, infusion of picrotoxin into the internal carotid artery caused increases in sinus rate, blood pressure and plasma vasopressin.

Infructescence with lateral branches up to 15 cm long, gynophore 3- mm long, shortly branched below the drupes, continuous with pedicel, mm long. The poisoning also results in clonic convulsions; during spasms and intervals of relaxations the pupils correspondingly contract or dilate. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative.

Picrotoxin is also isolated from Tinomiscium petiolare Hook.