General Conditions of the Contract for Construction. AIA Document A™ – .. Contract Award and Execution, Conditions Relating to. A™ – General Conditions of the Contract for Construction the most commonly used general conditions document is AIA Document A, General. AIA Document A™ – . Documents except Modifications, the General Conditions take precedence over all other Contract Documents except.

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He advises on project development and related litigation, acting for both corporate entities and individuals such as architects.

Planning, Design and Construction

Indemnity provisions also tend to be vigorously negotiated and often are limited by law, a majority of states now impose statutory limits on indemnity provisions, and many states make broad indemnities unenforceable, so make sure this standard provision comports with the applicable indemnity statutes governing your Project. The most substantive change to new A — was to delete most of the specific insurance requirements from the General Conditions and move them to an Exhibit A covering Insurance and Bonds that is to be negotiated geberal the Owner and Contractor as part of their Agreement.

Truly neutral dispute evaluators such as Dispute Review Boards have been found effective, but the A missed an opportunity to provide guidance or options on how to better develop that possibility. Frequently acts on large-scale regional and national projects. Conditlons addition, if the specified means and methods created a safety issue, the previous A required the Contractor to wait for instruction from the Architect after raising a concern, but the responsibility to devise safe means and methods has now been delegated to the Contractor.

A sentence has been added stating that the Owner need not make a Claim to assess Liquidated Damages. As the A General Conditions contain many of the more important terms of any AIA Agreement, this Briefing Paper will highlight some of the more significant changes made in the version about which every Owner, Architect, Contractor and Subcontractor should be aware.

Hugh can be reached at Many other changes were made to the A, but this Briefing Paper has covered the most significant. The Architect can now insist on data to substantiate the accuracy in any shifts the Contractor makes in the line items of its Schedule of values.

Notice can now be transmitted by any number of conventional ways, but Notice of a Claim must be sent by registered mail or courier, which seems to be a pointless exception in this digital age and may catch contractors unawares.


This is a useful clarification as parties often were not sure whether or not the requirement for an IDM decision applied to their Claims.

Without Notice of a Claim, however, the Contractor may not know conditkons or not it should make its own Claim for a time extension or to accelerate and thereby mitigate a potential Claim for LDs. The A continues to impose a warranty of reliability and adequacy aa any design delegated to the Contractor in the Contract Document, but the A only imposes liability on the Architect if its design fails to meet the professional standard of care.

This discussion is generalized in nature and should not be considered a substitute for aiw advice. Parties should take advantage of the opportunity to negotiate aiz specify the exact terms they want in their arbitration agreement and incorporate that agreement in the A Changes made to this provision increase the risk that Contractors cannot safely rely on the adequacy of specified means and methods in the Contract Documents.

Providing Notice of a Claim is always a good idea if only to allow the parties to address the problem early and try to solve it. While the scheduling provisions in the version require more detail than those in the version, they still do not impose requirements necessary to produce a CPM schedule. Fortunately, changes can be and frequently are made to the A, and many of the risks described above can be conditioons and better allocated if the document is negotiated before it is incorporated by reference into your Agreements.

Revisions to this Section provide helpful clarity regarding how to handle allegedly minor changes in the Work that the Owner or Architect thinks should not have a cost or time impact.

In this new Section, either party is given the right to demand in writing that the other party file for binding dispute resolution within 30 days from the date mediation has been concluded, or 60 days after mediation has been demanded without resolution of the dispute.

Dean can be reached at The time period within which to give notice of a differing site condition has been shortened from 21 to 14 days.

As this is not now a standard practice, Contractors should revise this provision or provide notice of Claim regarding any payment reductions with which it disagrees.


AIA Document A™ — SP (Construction Contract General Conditions, Sample Form)

This provision should be revised by the parties as it does not give the mediation process enough time to determine if the Claim can be settled short of proceeding to final dispute resolution.

The continued reluctance of the AIA to specify CPM scheduling is odd given its prevalence and expanding use in evaluating time related claims. Kristine can be reached at To avoid inevitable disputes over this ambiguity, changes should be made to this Section so that it covers only indemnity and bonding over of amounts actually paid to the Contractor and not Claims that are in dispute. He represents a broad client base across the gamut of construction concerns, including contract negotiation and disputes.

Represents diverse participants from the public and private sectors, including design professionals, insurers and subcontractors.

AIA Document A201™ — 2007 SP (Construction Contract General Conditions, Sample Form)

Back to Briefing Papers Print this Paper. The arbitration provisions in the A have not changed significantly, which is unfortunate — i. The purpose of the change was to make the concept of some compensation to the Contractor upon a termination for convenience more acceptable to the Owner, the amount being left to negotiation between the parties.

Fortunately, the parties can solve that problem with a well-drafted amendment.

coditions Greater clarity is provided for how payments should be made regarding a pending dispute until it qia finally resolved. Notably, if the parties do not use E or otherwise agree on protocols for BIM or other digital data, the party using that data does not have a right to rely upon it.

Policy of the AIA documents committee is ultimately decided by a relatively small group of architects, and delegating the design of dispute resolution to them is like delegating the design of buildings to attorneys — the result is unlikely genefal work well. Notice of Claims arising prior to or during the correction of Work period must be made with 21 days, but Claims arising after the correction of Work period can be initiated merely by Notice without any time deadline.